Articles

Cynometra cauliflora L.

Cynometra cauliflora L.

Family

Leguminosae

Synonyms

None

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Puki anjing.
Indonesia Namu-namu (Menado), kopi anjing (Java), puki (Sunda).
Thailand Amphawa (Central), nang-ai (Bangkok), hima (Pattani).
Southeast Asia Namnam.

Geographical Distributions

Cynometra cauliflora is only known in the cultivated state from Southeast Asia and India. Possibly C. cauliflora is originated in eastern Malesia.

 

Description

C. cauliflora is a shrub or small tree, which is measure about 3-15 m tall, with rather dense crown and with distinctly zig-zag twigs.

The leaves are 1-jugate with 1 pair of leaflets while the petiole is measure about 2-8 mm long. The leaflets are ovate-oblong in shape, very asymmetric, measuring 5.5-16.5 cm x 1.5-5.5 cm, almost sessile and they are droop.

The inflorescences are cauliflorous, with 4-5 small racemes that crowded together on hard knots on the trunk right down to the ground. The rachis is measure about 0.5-3 cm long. There are 4 pinkish-white in colour of sepals, which are measure about 2-4 mm long. The 5 white petals are measure about 3-4 mm long. There are 8-10 stamens while the style is measuring about 5-6 mm long.

The 1-seeded fruit (pod) is kidney-shaped, with a size of measure about 3-9 cm x 2-6 cm x 1-4 cm, fleshy, wrinkled, brownish-green in colour  and hanging from the trunk.

The brown seeds are flattened kidney-shaped and with a size of measuring  3-6 cm x 2-4 cm.

 

Ecology / Cultivation

C. cauliflora grows well in wet tropical lowlands, but experience in India suggests that it is more fruitful in monsoon climates with a distinct dry season. It prefers full sun but tolerates shade. An annual rainfall of 1500-2000 mm and daily temperatures of 22-35°C are desirable. The tree resists wind.

 

Line Drawing / Photograph

Cynometra_cauliflora

References

    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 2: Edible fruits and nuts.