Articles

Croton caudatus Geiseler

Croton caudatus Geiseler

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Synonyms

None

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Gurah periat, tukul takal, mendarong akar (Peninsular).
Philippines Alimpai (Tagalog).
Thailand Krado hot bai khon (South-eastern).
Vietnam ba d[aaj]u leo, c[uf] d[ef]n du[oo]i.

Geographical Distributions

Croton caudatus is distributed from the Eastern Himalayas to Sri Lanka, to Southeast Asia and throughout West Malesia to the Philippines and Sulawesi.

 

Description

C. caudus is a woody climber that can reach up to measure 27 m tall.

The leaves are ovate in shape, measuring about 5-18 cm x 2.5-11 cm, cordate base in shape, with two glands stalk, with 5 palmate nerves, acuminate apex and shallowly serrate margin with glands in teeth. The lower surface is with scattered stellate hairs, caduceus stipules and measures about (0.2-)1-1.5 cm long.

The inflorescence is with star-shaped hairs. The staminate flowers are with obovate petals, with 18-32 stamens and hairy disk glands. The pistillate flowers are with oblong petals, small, hairy while the ovary is with long star-shaped hairs.

The fruit is nearly spherical in shape, measure about 12-18 mm in diametre, finely 6-grooved, warty and with star-shaped hairs.

The seed is with scattered star-shaped hairs.

 

Ecology / Cultivation

C. caudatus is found in primary and secondary forest and brushwood, up to 1000 m altitude. C. caudatus haveflowers throughout the year.

 

Line Drawing / Photograph

Croton_caudatus

References

    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants.