Articles

Cissus adnata Roxb.

Cissus adnata Roxb.

Family

Vitaceae

Synonyms

Vitis adnata Wight & Arnott.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Akar gamik, sambangan, seketan.
Indonesia Areuy beungbeurutan (Sundanese), bantengan, galing kebo (Javanese).
Philippines Ayong-kabayo (Tagalog), bolakau (Kuyonon), linga-an (Bagobo).
Thailand Hun (Eastern).
Vietnam d[aa]y n[oo]i, d[aa]y cu[oos]n.

Geographical Distributions

Cissus adnata have cosmopolitan distribution which covered from India and Sri Lanka to Indo-China, Thailand, throughout Southeast Asia into tropical Australia.

 

Description

 

C. adnata is a deciduous, slender climber that can grow up to measure 5-15 m long. The bark is often reddish in colour, flaky, pubescent when young, with multicellular hairs, uniseriate and unicellular 2-armed and usually with unbranched tendrils.

The leaves are simple, orbicular to broadly ovate in shape, with a size of measure 8-18 cm x 10-19 cm, cordate to kidney-shaped base in shape, acuminate to cuspidate apex, membranaceous and prominent veins. The secondary veins are terminated in hair-like projections which extend beyond the margin. The hairs on the lower surface are 2-armed and with measure about 3-8 cm long petiole. The hairless stipules are rounded-triangular in shape and measure about 3.5 mm long

The inflorescence is umbellate, loose, measuring 2.5-7 cm long, with 3-5 primary branches and pubescent. The petal is measure about 1-1.5 mm long, often papillose and pale green to white in colour.

The berry is pyriform, measure about  4.5-7 mm long, dark brown to black in colour  and with 1-seeded.

The seed is ovoid in shape, measure 4-6 mm long. The lower end is beaked. The endosperm in transverse section is divided twice by the thin endotesta. Cotyledons are similar.

 

Ecology / Cultivation

C. adnata occurs in semi-deciduous thickets close to beaches, monsoon forest and open forest, usually on well-drained soils. Soils are variable but usually sandy to sandy loam, sometimes lateritic, sometimes calcareous.

 

Line Drawing / Photograph

Cissus_adnata

References

    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants.