Articles

Ruellia napifera Zoll. & Moritzi

Synonyms

Aporuellia napifera (Zoll.) Bremek., Pararuellia napifera (Zoll.) Bremek. & Nann.-Bremek. [3] 

Vernacular Names

Indonesia Gempur Batu, Kejibeling [1][2]

General Information

Description

Ruellia napifera is a member of the Acanthaceae family. It is a herbaceous plant that can reach up to 20cm high. The stem is erect, hairy and greenish-brown. The leaves are simple, opposite and obovate-lanceolate with rounded apex. The margins are entire or serrate. They measure 3-10cm long and 2-6cm wide and petiolated. The flowers are zygomorphic. It has five purple sepals with two lilac petals.  [2]

Plant Part Used

Leaves and roots [1][2]

Chemical Constituents

Saponin, flavonoid and polyphenols [2]

Traditional Use

The leaves are used in the treatment for kidney stones. [1][2]

Preclinical Data

Pharmacology

No documentation

Toxicities

No documentation

Teratogenic effects

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

References

  1. Sa’roni, Winarno W., Adjirni, Pudjiastuti Traditional Healers’ Ingredients profile and ingredients to used at Southeast Sulawesi, South Kalimantan and Lampung Provinces. Media Litbang Kesehatan. 2011; 21 Nomor 2.
  2. Sistem Infomasi Tanaman Obat Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Airlangga [http://ff.unair.ac.id/sito/index.php?search=Ruellia+napifera&p=1&mode=search&more=true&id=10] Accessed 22nd April 2013
  3. The Plant List. Available from http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2421074  Accessed on: 20th May 2014