Articles

Cyperus brevifolius

Cyperus brevifolius

Family

Cyperaceae

Synonyms

Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Kanching baju jantan, rumput sekepet burit, rumput teki (Peninsular).
English Nut sedge, cyperus.
Indonesia Jukut pendul (Sundanese), rumput sadanan (Javanese), rumput kapas (Sumatra).
Philippines Bboto-botonisan (Tagalog), kadkadot (Igorot), pugo-pugo (Central Bisaya).
Thailand Yaa kok dok khaao (Bangkok), yaa hua mong (Surat Thani).
Vietnam B[aj]c d[aaf]u l[as] ng[aws]n.

Geographical Distributions

This herb is distributed throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world; very common throughout Malesia.

Description

This is a perennial herb with rhizome creeping horizontally under or close to the ground surface. The stem is 3-40(-50) cm long.

The leaves are 1-3 mm wide, grooved and rough on the margins in the upper part.

The inflorescence consists of a single terminal head with (2-)3-4(-6) involucral bracts up to 6(-20) cm long. The spikelets are closely-packed, 1(-2)-flowered. There are 2 stigmas.

The yellowish-brown fruit is biconvex, laterally compressed, obovoid or ellipsoid.  

Ecology / Cultivation

It occurs up to 1500(-1900) m altitude in grasslands, along roads, in forest clearings and on river banks.

Line Drawing / Photograph

BOT00084

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.