Articles

Typhonium flagelliforme (Lodd.) Blume

Typhonium flagelliforme (Lodd.) Blume

Family

Araceae

Synonyms

Typhonium cuspidatum (Blume) Blume, Typhonium divaricatum auct. non Blume.

Vernacular Names

Thailand Sa oy (Surin), ta phit kap yao (Loei), wan dakdae (Yasothon).
Vietnam B[as]n h[aj] roi, c[ur] ch[os]c mo d[af]i.

Geographical Distributions

Typhonium flagelliforme is found grows in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Indo-China (Cambodia, Vietnam), southern China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands, the Philippines (Luzon), southern New Guinea and Australia (Northern Queensland).

Description

T. flagelliforme is a small herb that can grow up to 40 cm tall. It is with depressed-spherical tuber which is up to 2 cm in diametre and with subterranean stolons.

The leaves are extremely variable, elliptical to ovate, with acute to eared base, cordate or hastate, but usually narrowly hastate and up to 25 cm long. The petiole is up to 30 cm long. The spathe is very narrow and elongate, up to 28 cm long and pale greenish. The lower sterile flowers are spoon-shaped and black or purple-tipped.

Ecology / Cultivation

T. flagelliforme occurs in a variety of habitats in the lowlands, from swamp forests to savannas and eucalypt lowlands.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Typhonium_flagelliforme_Lodd_Blume

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.