Articles

Cinnamomum iners Reinw. ex Blume

Cinnamomum iners Reinw. ex Blume

Family

Lauraceae

Synonyms

Cinnamomum eucalyptoides T. Nees, Cinnamomum nitidum Blume, Cinnamomum paraneuron Miq.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Medang teja (Peninsular, Sarawak), kayu manis hutan, teja lawang (Peninsular).

English

Clove cinnamon, wild cinnamon.

Indonesia

Ki teja (Sundanese, Javanese, Java), medang kalong (Belitung), kacengal (Madurese).

Philippines

Namog (Filipino).

Myanmar

Nmanthin.

Laos

Chouang, 'si khai t[oox]n2.

Thailand

Chiat (Peninsular), kradangnga (Kanchanaburi), phayaprap (Nakhon Ratchasima).

Vietnam

Qu[ees] l[owj]n.

Geographical Distributions

Cinnamomum iners is found in India, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi and the southern Philippines.

Description

Cinnamomum iners is a medium-sized tree that can grow up to 24 m tall. The bole measures up to 60 cm in diametre. Its bark surface is smooth, with lenticels and greyish-brown while the inner bark is pinkish.

The leaves are arranged opposite or subopposite, and measuring (5-)7.5-30 cm x 2-13 cm. The leaf base is wedge-shaped, rarely rounded while the apex is blunt to acute, often pale bluish-green below and 3-veined. The main veins are prominent. The tertiary venation is ladder-like to ladder-like-netted and faint to distinct below. The petiole is 1-2 cm long.

The inflorescence is an axillary or terminal panicle, which is up to 18 cm long. The flowers are sometimes partly unisexual and with dense silky hairs.

The fruit is oblong to narrowly ovoid, measuring about 1.5 cm x 1 cm and seated on a perianth cup with persistent perianth lobes.

Ecology / Cultivation

Cinnamomum iners is common, occurring in primary and secondary lowlands and hill forests, often in moist, rather open locations, up to 1200(-2400) m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Cinnamomum_iners

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 5(2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers.