Articles

Cyclea barbata Miers

Cyclea barbata Miers

Family

Menispermaceae

Synonyms

Cyclea peltata (Lamk) Hook.f. & Thomson.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Cincau.

Indonesia

Cincau (General), camcauh (Sundanese), camcao (Javanese).

Thailand

Krung khamao (Peninsular), krung badan (South-eastern).

Vietnam

D[aa]y s[aa]m, s[aa]m l[oo]ng.

Geographical Distributions

Cyclea barbata is found in India (Assam), Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand, Simeuluë, islands in the Sunda Strait and Java. Occasionally, it is cultivated up to 1100 m altitude.

Description

Cyclea barbata is a slender, herbaceous or woody climber that can reach up to 8 m long. The root is fleshy, thick and long, pale brown outside and whitish or yellowish inside. The stem is hispid when young but becomes smooth later.

The leaves are ovate, deltoid-ovate or broadly ovate, measure up to 17.5 cm long and hairy below. The petiole is up to 6.5 cm long and hispid. The male flowers are with a hairy sepal and connate petals while the female flowers are tightly crowded in the nearly globular heads and with hairy carpels.

The fruit is covered with soft hairs.

Ecology / Cultivation

Cyclea barbata occurs in forests including teak forests and bamboo forests, and in grasslands with scrub vegetation sometimes on limestone.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Cyclea_barbata

References

1.       Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.