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Acalypha indica L.

Acalypha indica L.

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Synonyms

Acalypha chinensis Benth., Acalypha caroliniana Blanco non Walt.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Rumput lislis, tjeka mas.

English

Indian acalypha, three­seeded mercury.

Indonesia

Lelatang, rumput kokosongan.

Thailand

Tamyae tuaphuu, tamyae maeo (Central),haan maeo (Northern).

Philippines

Bugos (Tagalog), maraotong, taptapingar (Ilokano).

Vietnam

Tai t[uw][owj]ng [aas]n, tai t[uw][owj]ng xanh.

Geographical Distributions

Acalypha indica is widespread in the Old World tropics from West Africa, throughout India, Indo-China to the Philippines and Java, but apparently absent in Borneo and rare in Eastern Malaysia.

Description

Acalypha indica is an erect and annual herb that can grow up to 1.5 m tall.

The leaves are rhombic-ovate, measure (1-)3-5(-7) cm x (1-)2.5-3(-5) cm, wedge-shaped at base, with shallowly serrate margin and petiole 2-6 cm long.

The inflorescences are bisexual, solitary and with short slender male portion while the female flowers are fewer and less crowded than in A. lanceolata. They arewith broad bracts, shallowly and obtusely toothed, which are much less closely nerved and produce allomorphic female flowers at the apex.

The fruit is 2-2.5 mm in diametre.

Ecology / Cultivation

Acalypha indica is found in waste places and cropped land at low altitudes, and is locally common.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Acalypha_indica

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References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.