Articles

Bromelain activates murine macrophages and natural killer cells in vitro

Author

Engwerda CR, Andrew D, Murphy M, Mynott TL

Date

25/5/2001

Journal

Cell Immunol

Abstract

The innate immune response is critical for effective immunity against most pathogens. In this study, we show that bromelain, a mixture of cysteine proteases, can enhance IFN-gamma-mediated nitric oxide and TNFalpha production by macrophages. Bromelain's effect was independent of endotoxin receptor activation and was not caused by direct modulation of IFN-gamma receptors. Instead, bromelain either enhanced or acted synergistically with IFN-gamma receptor-mediated signals. These effects were seen in both RAW 264.7, a macrophage cell line, and primary macrophage populations. Bromelain also increased IL-2- and IL-12-mediated IFN-gamma production by NK cells. These results indicate a potential role for bromelain in the activation of inflammatory responses in situations where they may be deficient, such as may occur in immunocompromised individuals.