Articles

Bioenergetics in clinical medicine. III. Inhibition of coenzyme Q10- enzymes by clinically used anti-hypertensive drugs.

Author

Kishi H, Kishi T, Folkers K

Date

11/1975

Journal

Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol

Abstract

Background data revealed that some American and Japanese patients with essential hypertension, including many who were not being treated with any anti-hypertensive drug, had a deficiency of coenzyme Q10. Eight clinically used anti-hypertensive drugs have now been tested for inhibition of two mitochondrial coenzyme Q10-enzymes of heart tissue, succinoxidase and NADH-oxidase. Diazoxide and propranolol significantly inhibited the CoQ10-succinoxidase and CoQ10- NADH-oxidase, respectively. Metoprolol did not inhibit succinoxidase, and was one-fourth as active as propranolol for inhibition of NADH- oxidase. Hydrochlorothiazide, hydralazine, ans clonidine also inhibited CoQ10-NADH-oxidase. Reserpine did not inhibit either CoQ10- enzyme, and methyldopa was a very eak inhibitor of succinoxidase. The internationally recognized clinical side-effects of propranolol may be due, in part, to inhibition of CoQ10-enzymes which are indispensable in the bioenergetics of cardiac function. A pre- existing deficiency of coenzyme Q10 in the myocardium of hypertensive patients could be augmented by subsequent treatment with propranolol, possibly to the "life-threatening" state described by others.