Articles

The antioxidative property of green tea against iron-induced oxidative stress in rat brain.

Author

Lin AM, Chyi BY, Wu LY, Hwang LS

Date

31/12/1998

Journal

Chin J Physiol

Abstract

The antioxidative property of green tea against iron-induced oxidative stress was investigated in the rat brain both in vivo and in vivo. Incubation of brain homogenates at 37 degrees C for 4 hours in vitro increased the formation of Schiff base fluorescent products of malonaldehyde, an indicator of lipid peroxidation. Auto-oxidation (without exogenous iron) of brain homogenates was inhibited by green tea extract in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, incubation with iron (1 microM) elevated lipid peroxidation of brain homogenates after 4-hour incubation at 37 degrees C. Co-incubation with green tea extract dose-dependently inhibited the iron-induced elevation in lipid peroxidation. For the in vivo studies: ferrous citrate (iron, 4.2 nmoles) was infused intranigrally and induced degeneration of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system of rat brain. An increase in lipid peroxidation in substantia nigra as well as a decrease in dopamine content in striatum was observed seven days after the iron infusion. Intranigral infusion of green tea extract alone did not increase, and in some cases, even decreased lipid peroxidation in substantia nigra. Co-infusion of green tea extract prevented oxidative injury induced by iron. Both iron-induced elevation in lipid peroxidation in substantia nigra and iron-induced decrease in dopamine content in striatum were suppressed. Oral administration of green tea extract for two weeks did not prevent the iron-induced oxidative injury in nigrostriatal dopaminergic system. Our results suggest that intranigral infusion of green tea extract appears to be nontoxic to the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system. Furthermore, the potent antioxidative action of green tea extract protects the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system from the iron-induced oxidative injury.