Articles

Alpinia rafflesianum Wallich

Alpinia rafflesianum Wallich

Family

Zingiberaceae

Synonyms

Languas rafflesiana (Wallich) Burkill.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Puar mengkang, tepus kijai.

Geographical Distributions

Alpinia rafflesianum is found in Malaysia.

Description

A. rafflesianum is a slender herb that can grow measures up to 1-1.2 m tall.

The leaves are lance-shaped, up to measuring 30 cm x 7.5 cm and pubescent. The panicle is short, compact, measures 5-10 cm long and with measures about 7.5 cm in diametre.

The sepal is cup-shaped, 1.2 cm long and red while the petal tube is nearly twice the sepal. The lobes are orange, red-tipped, up to 3 cm long, broadly ovate labellum, orange, darker veined, with 2 staminodes, short and with purple apex.

The capsule is spherical in shape, measures about 1 cm in diametre, hairy and green.

Ecology / Cultivation

A. rafflesianum is rather common in secondary forest from sea-level up to 1200 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

a10

References

    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants.