Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

113th MOH-AMM Scientific Meeting 2019

From Tue, 27. August 2019 Until Thu, 29. August 2019

14 th World Congress on Pharmacology and Toxicology

From Wed, 11. September 2019 Until Thu, 12. September 2019

25th International Coneference on Advanced Clinical Research and Clinical Trials

From Mon, 16. September 2019 Until Tue, 17. September 2019

17th World Congress on Drug Formualtion & Drug Delivery

From Wed, 25. September 2019 Until Thu, 26. September 2019

19th World Congress on Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences

From Mon, 14. October 2019 Until Tue, 15. October 2019

Trichosanthes quinquangulata A. Gray

Trichosanthes quinquangulata A. Gray





Vernacular Names

Indonesia kalayar (Sundanese).
Philippines kalanum-uak (Bisaya), katimbau (Iloko), patolang-gubat (Tagalog).

Geographical Distributions

Trichosanthes quinquangulata is distributed from Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo and the Philippines.


T. quinquangulata is a large monoecious and perennial vine can grow up to  measure 6 m long. The stem is an angular and smooth.

The leaves are roundish in outline, shallowly or sometimes deeply 5-7-lobed and up to measure 20 cm in diametre. The base is cordate, acute lobes and hairless or glabrescent. The petal is a measure about 7-9 cm in diameter. The male inflorescence is a measure about 15-20 cm long, elliptical to obovate-lanceolate in shape of  bracts that are with a size of measure about 15-20 mm long and subentire. The female flowers are solitary.

The red fruit is spherical in shape and it is measure about  5-10 cm in diametre.

The seeds are elliptical in shape with obtusely acuminate apex and compressed.

Ecology / Cultivation

T. quinquangulata occurs in thickets, old clearings and rocky places up to 1500 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (1): Medicinal and poisonous plants.


Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More