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Labisia pumila (Blume) Fern.-Vill.

 

Labisia pumila (Blume) Fern.-Vill.

Family

Myrsinaceae

Synonyms

Ardisia pumila Blume, Labisia pothoina Lindley.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Kacip fatima, mata pelandok rimba, bunga belangkas hutan (Peninsular).
Indonesia Kelimparan tuli (Belitung), udu mudung bio' (Kenyah, East Kalimantan).

Geographical Distributions

Labisia  pumila occurs in Indo-China, peninsular Thailand and throughout the Malesian region.

 

Description

L. pumila is an erect or ascending undershrub that can grow up to measure 30(-50) cm tall. The stem is unbranched.

The leaves are arranged alternate, simple, oblong-lance-shaped, with a size of measure (8-)15-25 cm x (2.5-)5-7 cm, decurrent at the base, shallowly crenulate or subentire and variably lepidote below. The stipules are absent.

The inflorescence is an axillary raceme of measure 2-8 cm long and it is ferrugineously puberulous. The flowers is bisexual, regular and with 5-merous. The sepals unite at the base. They are about measure 0.5 mm long and finely pubescent outside. The petals unite at the base and about measure 2 mm long. They are violet to dirty white, valvate lobes and ovate. The stamens are opposite the petals while the anthers are sessile. The 1-celled ovary is superior while the style is slender.

The fruit is spherical in shape. It is a 1-seeded berry and red at maturity.

 

Ecology / Cultivation

In Java L. pumila can be found flowering and fruiting throughout the year. Labisia consists of some 6-9 species, most of them confined to western Malesia. L. pumila is the only widespread species. It is variable and sometimes several varieties are recognized.

 

Line Drawing / Photograph

Labisia_pumila

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1) Cultivation

2) Safety

References

    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.

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