image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine

From Mon, 24. February 2020 Until Tue, 25. February 2020

21st Interntaional Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutics & Novel Drug Delivery Systems

From Wed, 11. March 2020 Until Thu, 12. March 2020

6th Annual Congress on Clinical & Hospital Pharmacy

From Mon, 23. March 2020 Until Tue, 24. March 2020

2nd International Conference on Bio-Pharmaceuticals

From Wed, 25. March 2020 Until Thu, 26. March 2020

Canarium vulgare Leenh.

Canarium vulgare Leenh.

Family

Burseraceae

Synonyms

Canarium commune Leenh.

 

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Pokok kenari, rata kukana (Peninsular).
English Java almond.
Indonesia Kanari (General), ki tuwak (Java), jal (Ambon).
French Amande de Java.

Geographical Distributions

The Kangean and Bawean Islands, the Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and New Guinea. Possibly naturalised elsewhere in the Malesian region. Planted throughout the tropics for its fruits.

 

Description

Canarium vulgare is a large tree measuring up to 45 m tall. The bole is often gnarled in cultivated specimens. It is branchless for up to measure 20 m, measuring up to 70 cm in diametre and up to measure 3 m high buttresses. The bark surface is pale grayish in colour  while the inner bark exudes clear or whitish resin. The stipules are caducous, inserted at the leaf axil and oblong.

The leaves are with (5-)9-11 leaflets. The leaflets are gradually to distinctly long-acuminate at the apex, entire margin, smooth and with 12-15 pairs of secondary veins which are slightly prominent below.

The inflorescence is terminal and broadly paniculate. The male flowers are measure 5 mm long while the female ones are 6-7(-12) mm long. The stamens are 6.

The fruit is ovoid in shape, circular to slightly trigonous in cross-section, with a size of measuring 35-50 mm x 15-30 mm and it is smooth.

 

Ecology / Cultivation

C. vulgare occurs locally gregariously in primary forest on limestone, up to 1200 m altitude. The density of the wood is 480-680 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.

 

Line Drawing / Photograph

Canarium_vulgare

References

    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers.

    Explore Further

    Consumer Data

    Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

    Read More
    Professional Data

    Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

    Read More
    International Data

    We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

    Read More