Alyxia reinwardtii Blume


Alyxia aromatica Reinw. ex A.DC., Alyxia calcicola Markgr., Alyxia cinerea Bakh.f., Alyxia flavescens Pierre ex Pit., Alyxia forbesii King & Gamble, Alyxia jasminae Tsiang & P.T.Li, Alyxia kerrii Mabb., Alyxia kurzii Burkill, Alyxia lucida Wall., Alyxia nitens Kerr, Alyxia odorata Wall. ex G.Don, Alyxia pisiformis Pierre ex Pit., Alyxia pumila Hook.f., Alyxia quinata Miq., Alyxia winckelii Bakh.f., Gynopogon breviflorus Kurz, Gynopogon flavescens Pierre [Invalid], Gynopogon pisiformis Pierre [Invalid], Gynopogon pumilus (Hook.f.) K.Schum., Gynopogon reinwardtii (Blume) Koord., Pulassarium breviflorum (Kurz) Kuntze, Pulassarium flavescens Pierre [Invalid], Pulassarium odoratum (Wall. ex G.Don) Kuntze, Pulassarium pisiforme Pierre [Invalid], Pulassarium pumilum (Hook.f.) Kuntze, Pulassarium quinatum (Miq.) Kuntze [9]

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia Akar Bagan, Mempelasari, Pulasari.
English Alyxia Cinnamon
Indonesia Pulasari
Thailand Cha-loot
German Alyxia-Zimtrinde [1][2]

General Information


Alyxia lucida is a member of the Apocynaceae family. It is a climbing shrub freely branching with younger branches quadrangular and pubescent. They are covered with smooth, shining, brown, or mahagony-coloured bark. The leaves are opposite and in young branches are quatern, obovate, acute, sometimes obtuse, coriaceous, shining above and smooth. They measure 7.5-10cm long. The flowers are small, yellowish white, fragrant, pubescent, and in corymbs appearing axillary. The bracts are linear, villous. The calyx is villous, deeply divided into five linear teeth. The lobes of the limb is oblong, about as long as the tube, which is a little pubescent within. The ovary is villous with capillary and long style. The stigma is sub-capitate. The drupes are two on each calyx, oval, subacute, of a pale ferruginous colour, obscurely eight furrowed and single seeded. [3]

Plant Part Used

Bark [1]

Chemical Constituents

No documentation

Traditional Used:

The bark of A. lucida is also known as white cinnamon and is used as spice and to impart fragrance to stored clothings. It has carminative properties and is used in the treatment of dyspepsia and flatulence. [2][4-6]

Pre-Clinical Data


Antimalarial activity

The methanol leaf extract of A. lucida exhibited mild antimalarial activity against Plasmodium berghei ANKA strain. [7]

Xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity

The ethanol extract of A. lucida exhibit significant inhibitory activity on xanthine oxidase with IC50 of 230.18 µg/ml. [8]


No documentation

Teratogenic effects

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation


No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation


Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation



No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation


  1. Seidemann J., World Spice Plants: Economic Usage, Botany, Taxonomy, Springer Verlag, Berlin: 2005 pg. 32
  2. Peter H., Buttner R., Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops, Springer-Verlag, Berlin: 2001 pg. 1744
  3. Roxburgh W., Wallich N., Flora Indica: or Descriptions of Indian Plants Volume 2, Serampore: 1824 pg. 541
  4. Burkill IH., A Dictionary of Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula Volume 1, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1966. 
  5. Redaksi Agromedia, Sugiarto A.,  273 Ramuan Traditional PT Agromedia Pustaka, Jakarta: 2008 pg. 18
  6. Priyadi H., Takao G., Rahmawati I., Supriyanto B., Ikbal N.W., Rahman I., Five Hundred Plant Species in Gunong Halimun Salak National Park, West Java CIFOR Bogor 2010 pg. 126 – 127
  7. Basir R., Kit LC., Mun FY., Othman F., Abdullah WO., Moklas MAM., Abdul Rahim AS., Ismail IS., Hidayat MT., Mat Taib CN., Mahmud R., Antimalarial activity of selected Malaysian Medicinal Plants, Phytopharmacology 2012, 3(1):82-92
  8. Vikneswaran, M., Chan, K.l., Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory Activity of Some Malaysian Plants. Malaysian Journal of Science Volume 24(1)
  9. Alyxia reinwardtii Blume. The Plant List Ver 1.1. c2013. [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2016 Mar 16] Available from: