The Effect Of A Mouthwash Containing Extract Of Calendula Officinalis Delivered By An Irrigating Device In Patients With Early Chronic Periodontitis

Author

SABARIAH ABDULLAH

Date

2003

Keyword

sub-gingival irrigation technique, dental plaque, gingivitis, Calendula officinalis, herbal mouthwash, chronic periodontitis

Abstract

The aim of this double blind parallel clinical trial of sub-gingival irrigation technique using disposable plastic syringe and hypodermic needle, was to determine the effect of a locally manufactured herbal mouthwash called Plandula as an adjunct lo daily oral hygiene measures on dental plaque and existing gingivitis in patients suffering from early chronic periodontitis with periodontal pocket depth of 4-5 mm. Twenty patients that came to Dental Faculty, University of Malaya seeking periodontal treatment were chosen to participate in this study. All patients were given, an explanation of the study and all of them gave a written consent to the study. The patients were assigned randomly to either test or control group. Baseline recording of plaque, gingivitis and probing pocket depth were obtained prior to full mouth scaling and polishing. Subgingival irrigation with Plandula solution or distilled water was shown to each patient by the examiner on day 0. The patients continued with their twice daily sub-gingival irrigation at home for 28 days. Irrigation devices and solution were removed on the 28th day. Recording of the clinical parameters: PI of Silness & Loe (1964), GI of Loe & Silness (1963), and probing pocket depth were recorded on the 7, 4, 28, 42 and 56 days. The result from this study showed that Plandula had a moderate effect on developing plaque, moderately effective on reducing gingivitis and able to reduce probing pocket depth, which were clinically significant. No complaint of any side effect, or any adverse reaction was reported on the oral soft tissues, except 3 patients in the test group complained of dentine hypersensitivity during the irrigation period.