Ethnobotany, Chemical Compositions and The In vitro Antimicrobial Activities of The Essential Oil of<em>Achillea millefolium</em>L. in North of Iran

Author

Mazandarani M and Ghaemi, E O.

Proceeding

Traditional & Complementary Medicine Exhibition 2007 (TCME 2007), Putra World Trade Centre (PWTC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Date

17/7/2007

Keyword

Achillea millefolium L., essential oil, antibacterial and ethnopharmacology

Abstract

In this paper, ethnobotany, chemical composition and the in vitro antimicrobial activities of the essential oil of this endemic plants for the north of Iran flora.AchilleamillefoliumL. is one of the most aromatic endemic medicine plant, indigenous and has a mythological background , ethnopharmacologic importance as known to be used in folk remedies for various purposes in north of Iran. Twenty eight compounds with geranyl acetate (35.9%), geraniol (16.5%), linalool (6.8%) , camphor (6.5%) , 1,8-cineole (3%) and beta- caryophyllene (3.6 %). We found that essential oil have a good antibacterial effect against Gram positive bacteria. Ethno botanical survey showed that its flowers have been widely used in folklore medicine in wound healing,  sore, rashes, infection, stomachache and dysmenorrheal. This study confirms that the essential oil of A. millefolium possesses antibacterial properties in vitro, more sensitive especially againstStaphylococcus aureusandBacillus cereus.