Medicinal and Aromatic Plants : Strategies and Technologies for Conservation. Coservation, Charactertization and Utilization Of The Genetic Resources Of Some Industrially Important Semitropical Medicinal And Aromatic Plants

Author

Sushil Kumar*, M. Alam, J.R. Bahl, S. Bajpai, G.D. Bagchi, S. Banerjee, O.P. Dhawan, S. Dwivedi, M.M. Gupta, S.A. Hasan, S.P.S. Khanuja, R.N. Kulkarni, R.K. Lai, G.R. Mallavarapu, A. Mathur, A.K. Mathur, S. Mathur, H.O. Misra, A. Naqvi, M. Ram, A. Samad, A. Sattar, G. Saxena, S. Sharma, S.P. Singh, J.R. Sharma, A.K. Shasany

Proceeding

Symposium 'State-of-the-Art Strategies and Technologies for Conservation of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants' held under the auspices of G-15 Gene Banks for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.

Date

29/9/1997

Keyword

Gene bank, genetic resources, medicinal plants, aromatic plants, bioprospection

Abstract

The Department of Biotechnology and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of the Government of India have sponsored a Gene Bank at CIMAP in Lucknow and its field stations. The available germplasm collection comprises of 1450 accessions of 196 plant species, with special emphasis on 30 commercially important medicinal and aromatic plants. All the accessions are maintained in the field, some at more than one location. Seeds of fertile accessions are at present maintained on short-term basis. Eightyfive accessions of 30 plants species are being maintained as multiple shoots and hairy roots. Accessions of 18 plant species, including land races of several species, have been characterized in some detail. Descriptors are being prepared in mints, cymbopogons and poppy. Some promising accessions/lines have been identified/ developed in ashwagandha, vetiver, geranium and poppy. An improved hybrid variety of menthol mint has been constructed and its parentage ascertained by DNA-fingerprinting. A registry of new lines/varieties has been instituted. The gene bank is now also serving as the repository of seeds of plants undergoing bioprospection in other laboratories.