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Lantana camara L.

Lantana camara L.

Family

Verbenaceae

Synonyms

Lantana aculeata L.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Bunga pagar, bunga tahi ayam, jebat harimau (Peninsular)
English Sage, wild sage
Indonesia Kembang telek, tembelekan (Javanese), saliara (Sundanese)
Philippines Koronitas, kantutay (Tagalog), baho-baho (Bisaya)
Thailand Kaam kung (Mae Hong Son), khee kae (Pranchin Buri), yeesun (Trang)
Vietnam C[aa]y tr[aa]m [oor]i, c[aa]y b[oo]ng [oor]i, c[aa]y t[uws] qu[is]

Geographical Distributions

This shrub is native to tropical America, but introduced and naturalised throughout the tropics and subtropics hedges.

Description

This is an erect or slightly climbing much-branched shrub, up to 5 m tall. Its stems are square or 3-angled, often bearing hooked prickles, and highly aromatic.

The leaves are opposite or rarely in whorls of 3, egg-shaped to oblong-ovate, 5-8 cm x 3-5.5 cm. The stalk is 1.5-3 cm long.

The inflorescence is flat or hemispherical and slightly headed.The flowers have petal tube extending to 12 mm long during pollination, often slightly curved, orange-yellow or orange to pink, white, or variegated, changing to red or scarlet.

Its fruit is a spherical glossy drupe, deep blue when ripe.

Ecology / Cultivation

L. camara occurs from sea-level to 1700 m altitude in relatively open and disturbed, not too moist habitats. It is mainly a weed of plantation crops and pastures. Due to the toxicity of its leaves and seeds, it is a serious threat to sheep and cattle.

Line Drawing / Photograph

BOT00037

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(2). 1998, Unesco.

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