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Cocculus orbiculatus (L.) DC.

Cocculus orbiculatus (L.) DC.

Family

Menispermaceae

Synonyms

Cocculus trilobus (Thunberg) DC, Cocculus sarmentosus (Lour.) Diels.

Vernacular Names

Vietnam d[aa]y xanh, d[aa]y m[ooj]t, m[ooj]c ph[of]ng ky.

Geographical Distributions

Cocculus orbiculatus is found grows in Nepal, India, China, Taiwan, Japan, Hawaii, Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, north-eastern Sumatra, western and central Java, and the Philippines; also in Reunion and Mauritius, but possibly introduced there.

Description

This is a slender, herbaceous or slightly woody climber, with stem up to 1.5 mm in diametre.

The leaves are broadly elliptical to narrowly elliptical or ovate, measuring 3-10 cm x 1-5.5 cm. The leaf base is 3(-5)-veined, where the veins usually not running parallel to margins and becoming indistinct at or below the middle of the leaf.

The flowers are whitish, where the female ones are with 6 carpels.

The drupe is rotund in outline, 4-5 mm in diametre and dark blue.

Ecology / Cultivation

C. orbiculatus often occurs near seashores, but sometimes also inland on limestone terraces.

Line Drawing / Photograph

BOT00165

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.

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