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Entada phaseoloides (L.) Merr.

Entada phaseoloides (L.) Merr.

Family

Leguminosae

Synonyms

Entada scandens (L.) Benth., Entada rumphii Scheff., Entada tonkinensis Gagnep.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Akar belerang

Philippines

Gogo (Tagalog, Bikol).

Vietnam

D[aa]y b[af]m b[af]m, d[aaj]u d[ej]t

Geographical Distributions

Entada phaseoloides is distributed from the Pacific through tropical Australia, westward to northern Vietnam and southern China; recorded in Malaysia, the Philippines, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi and the Lesser Sunda.

Description

Entada phaseoloides is a large woody climber and often with flattened and spiral stem. The rachis is 2 cm long, with 1-2 pairs of pinnae measuring 6.5-9 cm long, and with 1-2(-3) pairs of leaflets per pinna. The leaflets are elliptical to obovate-elliptical, unequal-sided, measuring 4.5-10 cm x 1.8-6.3 cm, and with asymmetrical base or somewhat notched.

The inflorescence is an axillary spike, measures 13-30 cm long, with sessile or subsessile flowers, male or bisexual, minute, with green sepal and broadly cup-shaped while the petals are green with a reddish base.

The pod is straight to slightly curved, measuring up to 100(-200) cm x 7-15 cm, and with woody exocarp while the endocarp is parchment-like. The seed is suborbicular, flattened, measuring 4-6 cm x 3.3-5 cm, 1 cm thick and brown.

Ecology / Cultivation

Entada phaseoloides is found in a wide variety of habitats, ranging from freshwater swamp and inland from the mangrove up to montane forest, up to 900(-1700) m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

entada

References

1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.

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