image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

113th MOH-AMM Scientific Meeting 2019

From Tue, 27. August 2019 Until Thu, 29. August 2019

14 th World Congress on Pharmacology and Toxicology

From Wed, 11. September 2019 Until Thu, 12. September 2019

25th International Coneference on Advanced Clinical Research and Clinical Trials

From Mon, 16. September 2019 Until Tue, 17. September 2019

17th World Congress on Drug Formualtion & Drug Delivery

From Wed, 25. September 2019 Until Thu, 26. September 2019

19th World Congress on Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences

From Mon, 14. October 2019 Until Tue, 15. October 2019

Ancistrocladus tectorius (Lour.) Merr.

Ancistrocladus tectorius (Lour.) Merr.

Family

Ancistrocladaceae

Synonyms

Ancistrocladus extensus Wallich ex Planchon, Ancistrocladus pinangiansus Wallich ex Planchon.

Vernacular Names

 

Malaysia

Akar julong hitam, jenjulong akar, lidah sapi (Peninsular).

Indonesia

Akar bebulus, belulus (Bangka), trung bulus (Belitung).

Thailand

Kra-maa (Khmer, Saraburi), khon maa (Central), li-daa saa-pee (Malay, peninsular).

Vietnam

Trung qu[aa]n.

Geographical Distributions

Ancistrocladus tectorius is distributed in Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, southern China, Hainan, the Andaman Islands, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, the Riau and Lingga Archipelago, Bangka, Belitung, southern Sumatra and western Borneo.

Description

Ancistrocladus tectorius is a liana or climbing shrub with tendril-like shoots provided with curved, ultimately woody hooks that are mostly arranged unilaterally.

The leaves are arranged alternate, usually crowded above some older hooks, simple and entire, mostly elliptical-obovate, measuring 9-30 cm x 3-10 cm, hairless, minutely pitted, with reticulate venation and sessile. The stipules are absent.

The inflorescence is usually between the crowded leaves, dichotomously branched with divergent branches up to 15 cm long. Flowers are often crowded at the tips of the inflorescence branches, bisexual, regular, 5-merous, small and with articulate pedicel. The sepal is with short tube and 5 unequal enlarged lobes and wing-like in fruit; some or all lobes are with prominent glands. The petals are united at base, obliquely ovate, and measure 3-3.5 mm long. There are 10 stamens which are alternately unequal and the filaments are broadened at base. The ovary is inferior, 1-celled, protruding into a nipple-shaped elongation and bearing 3 articulated styles.

The fruit is a nut crowned by the much enlarged unequal sepal lobes, and measuring up to 5 cm x 2 cm. The seed is obconical with flat apex, and measures about 5 mm long. Endosperm is ruminate. Seedling is with epigeal germination. The cotyledons are thin and leaf-like. The hook-like structures are modified peduncles. The hooks sometimes have enlarged tips, which are flowers with smaller perianth and reduced stamens and ovary. The leafy branches arise from the axil of hooks. 

Ecology / Cultivation

Ancistrocladus tectorius occurs in mixed forests and scrub vegetation in the lowland, often near the sea, sometimes close to the beach, and mostly on siliceous soils.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Ancistrocladus_tectorius

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More