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Citrus hystrix DC.

Citrus hystrix DC.

Family

Rutaceae

Synonyms

None

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Limau purut.

English

Mauritius papeda, leech-lime.

Indonesia

Jeruk purut, limo purut.

Philippines

Kabuyau, kulubut (Tagalog), kolobot (Bisaya).

Myanmar

Shouk-pote.

Cambodia

Krauch soeuch.

Laos

'Khi 'hout.

Thailand

Ma kruut.

Vietnam

Trúc.

French

Citron combera.

Geographical Distributions

The origin of Citrus hystrix is not known, but it is widely naturalised in Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Burma.

Description

Citrus hystrix can grow up to 12 m tall. It has a crooked trunk and short stiff spines.

The leaves measure 3-15 cm x 2-6 cm and are broadly egg-shaped to ovate-oblong. The flowers are small, fragrant and white.

The fruit is an ovoid to ellipsoidal berry. It is 5-7 cm in diametre, green to yellow and irregularly very bumpy with 10-12 segments. 

Ecology / Cultivation

Citrus hystrix is grown in 3 areas with distinct climates: (1) subtropical, mostly from 30°-40° latitude: Mediterranean climate with winter rain and hot, dry summers. (2) semi-tropical, from 20°-28° latitude: dry winters and hot, wet summers (Florida, Brazil) and (3) tropical, within 20° from the equator: no prominent cold period and rainfall well-distributed over the year or concentrated in one or two wet seasons.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Citrus_hystrix

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1) Cultivation

References

1.       Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.2: Edible fruits and nuts.

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