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Solanum nigrum L.

Solanum nigrum L.

Family

Solanaceae

Synonyms

Solanum schultesii Opiz.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia                

Ranti, terong meranti, terong parachichit (Peninsular).

English

Black nightshade, common nightshade, garden nightshade.

Indonesia

Ranti (Javanese), leunca (Sundanese), bobose (Ternate).

Papua New Guinea

Takuta (Wapenamanda, West Sepik).

Philippines

Konti (Filipino), anti (Bontok, Tagalog), kuti (Bikol).

Thailand

Ma waeng nok (Southern), ya tom tok (Northern), kha om (Prachuap Khiri Khan).

Vietnam

C[af] n[us]t [as]o, gia c[aaf]u, lu lu d[uwj]c.

French

Herbe à calalou, morelle noire.

Geographical Distributions

Solanum nigrum is native to Europe and western Asia, introduced in North America, Africa, Asia and Australia; probably fairly widely distributed throughout the Malesian region.

Description

Solanum nigrum is an annual or perennial, unarmed herb, up to 1 m tall and with glandular hairs.

The leaves are ovate, measuring 4-10 cm x 2-7 cm, simple, with entire to bluntly toothed margin, wedge-shaped base and obtuse at apex.

The inflorescence is an extra-axillary and short raceme with (3-)4-8(-12) flowers. The sepal is bell-shaped lobes are up to 1 mm long while the petal is star-shaped, measures 8-10 mm in diametre, white or rarely tinged with purple. The anthers are oblong, measure 2-3.5 mm long, with a smooth ovary, with style 5-6 mm long and capitate stigma.

The fruit is globular to ellipsoid, measures 6-8(-10) mm in diametre, 2-locular, dull or somewhat shiny black or purplish-black. The calyx is not enlarged and with appressed or scarcely reflexed lobes.

There are (15-)25-35(-45) seeds per fruit and measure 1.8-2.2 mm long.

Ecology / Cultivation

Solanum nigrum is common in open and disturbed places, in full sunshine or slight shade, also in light forests, up to 3100 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Solanum_nigrum

References

1.       Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.

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