image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine

From Mon, 24. February 2020 Until Tue, 25. February 2020

21st Interntaional Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutics & Novel Drug Delivery Systems

From Wed, 11. March 2020 Until Thu, 12. March 2020

6th Annual Congress on Clinical & Hospital Pharmacy

From Mon, 23. March 2020 Until Tue, 24. March 2020

2nd International Conference on Bio-Pharmaceuticals

From Wed, 25. March 2020 Until Thu, 26. March 2020

Nepenthes ampullaria Jack

Nepenthes ampullaria Jack

Family

Nepenthaceae

Synonyms

Nepenthes ampullacea H. Low.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Akar periuk kera, periuk kera, akar cerek-cerek.

English

Pitcher plant, tropical pitcher plant, monkey pot.

Indonesia

Kantong teko (gener­al), ketakong betul (Bangka), katidieng boruak (West Sumatra).

Thailand

Cho mokaeng, mokaeng khaang (Pattani), blaa-ngo­kue-ko (Malay-Pattani).

Geographical Distributions

Nepenthes ampullaria is distributed in Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo and New Guinea.

Description

Nepenthes ampullaria is a terrestrial climber that can reach up to 15 m tall, with many terrestrial and few aerial rosettes, and with densely velvety indumentum of red-brown hairs in the young parts. Its stem is cylindri­cal measuring 1-1.5 cm in diameter. The internodes are 1.5-8 cm long. At the foot of the older plants, lateral rosettes with pitchers are present.

The leaves are sessile. The blade is thickly leathery, lance-shaped to spoon-shaped, where the under­surface is with red hairs. The rosette leaves measure 2-5 cm x 0.5 cm while the climbing leaves measure 12-25 cm x 3-6 cm. The base is attenuate and clasps the stem by half of its circum­ference.

The lower pitchers are obliquely urn-shaped, semi­circular on dorsal side, almost ventrally flat, measuring 2-10 cm x 9 cm, usually green, deeply flecked with maroon, rarely entirely red but sometimes whitish-yellow with pale pink flecks, with 2 fringed wings up to 1.5 cm broad, with fringe elements 0.5-1 cm long and 1-1.5 mm apart. The mouth part is oval and almost horizontal. The peristome is 3-15 mm wide, flattened and sloping steeply inwards with the ribs about 0.2-0.3 mm apart.

The lid is narrowly oblanceolate, and measures up to 4 cm x 1.5 cm. The lower surface is without ap­pendages and with sparse or absent nectar glands. The spur is simple or branched, measures up to 1 cm long, whereas the upper pitchers are generally not developed, rudimentary, broadly funnel-shaped and measure about 2 cm x 2 cm.

The male inflorescence is a panicle that measures up to 40 cm x 4-5 cm. The partial inflorescences are usually 8-12 cm long and with 3-6 flowers. The pedicel is 7-8 mm long. The tepals are broadly elliptical, measure 4-5 mm x 3-5 mm, and green to yellow. The androphore is 3-5 mm long. The female inflo­rescence and flowers are almost similar.

The fruit is 2-3 cm long and with valves 2-3.5 mm wide in the middle. The seed is 10-15 mm long.

Ecology / Cultivation

Nepenthes ampullaria grows in damp, shady forests, swamps and heath forests (Borneo), Araucaria for­est (New Guinea), secondary forests, open micro­phyllous vegetation and swamp grasslands, usual­ly up to 200 m altitude, occasionally as high as 2100 m.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Nepenthes_ampullaria_

References

1.       Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.17: Fibre plants.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More