Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

14th International Conference on Biopharma and Biotherapeutics

From Fri, 25. October 2019 Until Sat, 26. October 2019

World Conference on Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Clinical Research

From Wed, 27. November 2019 Until Thu, 28. November 2019

15th Annual Congress on Pharmacology and Toxicology

From Mon, 2. December 2019 Until Tue, 3. December 2019

3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine

From Mon, 24. February 2020 Until Tue, 25. February 2020

21st Interntaional Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutics & Novel Drug Delivery Systems

From Wed, 11. March 2020 Until Thu, 12. March 2020

Ipomoea pes-tigridis L.

Ipomoea pes-tigridis L.





Vernacular Names


Tiger's footprint.


Garnet (Javanese), samaka furu (Ter­nate), maka-maka (Tidore).


Bangban­gau-ng-buduan (Iloko), malasandia (Panay Bisaya).


Khayum teenmaa (Northern), thao saai thong loi (Central), phao-Ia buu-Iuu (Peninsu­lar).


B[if]m ch[aa]n c[oj]p.

Geographical Distributions

Ipomoea pes-tigridis is distributed from tropical Africa, Mascarene Islands, to continental tropical Asia and throughout Malaysia.


Ipomoea pes-tigridis is a slender, herbaceous annual, twining or sometimes prostrate twig, 0.5-3 m long, and patently hairy with rigid hairs.

The leaves are orbic­ular or transversely elliptical in outline, and measure 3-7.5 cm x 2.5-10 cm. They are palmately divided nearly to the base with (3-)5-7(-9) segments. The segment is oblong to el­liptical-oblong, and attenuate towards both ends. The peti­ole is 1.5-10 cm long.

The flowers are in a few-flowered head, with 2-18 cm long peduncle, linear to oblong bracts and 1-3 cm long. The sepals are slightly unequal, 7-12 mm long and lance-shaped while the petal is funnel-shaped, 3-4 cm long, where the midpetaline bands are sparsely hairy, white, with unequal filaments, hairless and with hairless ovary.

The cap­sule is ovoid, 8 mm long, 1-celled and 4-valved.

There are 4 seeds which are 4 mm long and sparsely grey-tomentose. 

Ecology / Cultivation

Ipomoea pes-tigridis occurs in grasslands, waste places, fields, thickets, occasionally in teak forests, also in sandy soils near beaches, and up to 1300 m altitude. It can be found flowering throughout the year when suffi­cient water is available.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More