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Ixora coccinea L.

Ixora coccinea L.

Family

Rubiaceae

Synonyms

Ixora montana Lour., Ixora grandiflora Loddiges.

Vernacular Names

English

Red ixora.

Indonesia

Soka merah (General), kembang santen merah (Malay), soka beureum    (Sundanese).

Philippines

Santan-pula, santan (Tagalog), tangpupo (Bisaya).

Cambodia

Kam ron tea.

Thailand

Khem baan, khem nuu (Bangkok), khem farang (Central).

Viet­nam

B[oo]ng trang d[or], d[ow]n d[or].

Geographical Distributions

Ixora coccinea is native in India, widely cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.

Description

Ixora coccinea is a shrub with many stems, measures up to 3 m tall and smooth.

The leaves are ovate to oblong or obovate, measuring 3.5-10 cm x 2-5 cm, with leathery texture, with subcor­date or rounded base, obtuse or slightly acumi­nate at apex, mucronate, with 8-15 secondary veins, with absent or short petiole and long-awned stipules.

The inflores­cence is sessile and densely corymb-shaped. The flowers are with triangular sepal lobes, measure about 3 mm long, acute and red, while the petal tube is 3-4.5 cm long, with lance­-shaped or ovate-lance-shaped lobes, measures 1-1.5 cm long, acute, or­ange to scarlet or white, yellow or pink (mostly in cultivated plants), not fragrant and with exserted red style 3-4 mm long.

The fruit is spherical or so, about the size of a pea, reddish and fleshy.

Ecology / Cultivation

Ixora coccinea is cultivated in lowland areas but also at higher elevations.

Line Drawing / Photograph

ii

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(1). 1998.

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