Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

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Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

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Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

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21st Interntaional Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutics & Novel Drug Delivery Systems

From Wed, 11. March 2020 Until Thu, 12. March 2020

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From Mon, 23. March 2020 Until Tue, 24. March 2020

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Capsaicin-sensitive mechanisms and experimentally induced duodenal ulcers in rats.


Maggi CA, Evangelista S, Abelli L




J Pharm Pharmacol


The incidence and degree of cysteamine- or dulcerozine-induced duodenal ulcers are increased by systemic capsaicin desensitization (50 mg kg-1 s.c. 4 days before) in adult rats. Acute administration of capsaicin, but not neurokinins or CGRP, produced a small but distinct plasma extravasation (Evans blue leakage) in the rat proximal duodenum which was absent in capsaicin-pretreated rats. These findings indicate the existence of a capsaicin-sensitive 'duodenal defence mechanism' in rats.

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Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

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Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

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International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

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