Shi Jue Ming

Haliotidis Concha, Haliotis

Dosage

15-30g. Crushed and decocted earlier than other ingredients.

Chemical Composition

Calcium carbonate; Aspartic acid; Threonine; Serine; Glutamic acid; Alanine; Glycine; Cystine; Valine; Methionine; Isoleucine; Leucine; Tyramine acid; Phenylalanine; Lysine; Histidine; Arginine; Proline; Chitin. (1) , (2) , (3) , (4) , (5)

Inorganic Chemicals

Ca, Al, Ba, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mg, Mn, Na, P, Pb, Si, Sr, Ti, V, and Zn.

Precautions

No processing necessary for oral administration to calm the liver. To treat eye diseases by external administration, calcining is recommended. Exercise caution when administering to patients with indigestion, lack of gastric acid, or spleen-stomach cold of the insufficiency type.

Pharmacology

Protective effects on the liver

Shi Jue Ming can effectively prevent and treat cholelithiasis in guinea pigs. In guinea pigs with cholelithiasis, it can prevent the liver from fatty degeneration. (6) Shi Jue Ming from three different sources, Ao Zhou Bao, Zhou Wen Pan Bao, and Bai Bao, is shown to have the same effect of counteracting carbon tetrachloride-induced acute hepatic injuries in mice. In terms of other effects, though, different sources do show a difference in the magnitude of the effect. For instance, Zhou Wen Pan Bao has the more pronounced effect of decreasing the activity of SGPT, and Zhou Wen Pan Bao and Bai Bao can protect the liver better than Ao Zhou Bao. (7)

Anti-cataract effects

A membrane made with Shi Jue Ming as the main ingredient is shown to inhibit D-galactose induced phacoscotasmus in rats and can effectively prevent the experimental cataract. (8)

References

  1. Chen Yu Zhi, et al. Journal of Fujian College of TCM. 1999;9(3):28-30.
  2. Feng Wei Xi, et al. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine Material. 1989;12(11):35-36.
  3. Zhou Ben Hong, et al. China Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. 1997;17(11):505-507.
  4. Yang Zi Yu, et al. Journal of Changchun College of TCM. 1994;10(4):46.
  5. Editorial Committee of Chinese Materia Medica. State Drug Administration of China. Chinese Materia Medica. Shanghai: Science and Techonology Press; 1998.
  6. Li Yuan Xi, et al. Liaoning Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 1997;24(3):138-139.
  7. Li Xiao Jing, et al. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine Material. 1997;20(10):521-523.
  8. Huang Sheng Wu, et al. Journal of Chinese Patented Medicine. 1997;19(9):30-31.