image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

113th MOH-AMM Scientific Meeting 2019

From Tue, 27. August 2019 Until Thu, 29. August 2019

14 th World Congress on Pharmacology and Toxicology

From Wed, 11. September 2019 Until Thu, 12. September 2019

25th International Coneference on Advanced Clinical Research and Clinical Trials

From Mon, 16. September 2019 Until Tue, 17. September 2019

17th World Congress on Drug Formualtion & Drug Delivery

From Wed, 25. September 2019 Until Thu, 26. September 2019

19th World Congress on Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences

From Mon, 14. October 2019 Until Tue, 15. October 2019

Buchanania arborescens (Blume) Blume

Buchanania arborescens (Blume) Blume

Family

Anacardiaceae

Synonyms

Buchanania florida Schauer, Buchanania lucida Blume, Buchanania platyphylla Merr.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Otak udang tumpul (Peninsular), rengas laut (Sarawak), beluno-beluno (Sabah).
English Sparrow's mango.
Indonesia Popohan (General), getasan (Javanese), rawa-rawa pipit (Kalimantan).
Philippines Balinghasai (General).
Thailand Chaa muang (Northern), luaet khwai, mamuang khee kratai (Peninsular).
Vietnam C[aa]y m[uw]ng ri.
Brunei Kepala tundang, rengas ayam.

Geographical Distributions

Buchanania arborescens is distributed from India and the Andaman Islands to Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, southern China, Taiwan, Thailand, throughout the Malesian region towards the Solomon Islands and northern Australia.

Description

Buchanania arborescens is an evergreen tree, small to fairly large but rarely large and measures up to 35(-42) m tall. The bole is cylindrical, straight, branchless for up to 20 m, measures up to 100 cm in diametre, and sometimes with small buttresses up to 1(-4) m high. The surface of the bark is smooth or pock-marked, pale whitish to grey-brown or reddish-brown. The inner bark is fibrous, reddish-brown or pink, and exuding a clear, colourless or pink or greyish gum. The crown is compact.

The leaves are arranged spirally, simple, entire, sessile or petiolate and exstipulate. The leaves are folded lengthwise where the first pair is opposite and the subsequent ones are arranged spirally.

The flowers are in an axillary panicle, small, (4-)5(-6)-merous and whitish. The sepal is lobed, persistent or caducous. The stamens are twice the number of the petals while the anthers are usually arrowhead-shaped. The disk is shallowly cup-shaped while the margin is dentate. The ovary is superior, with 4-6 carpels, connate at the very base only with 1 ovule each, usually only with 1 fertile carpel, with short style, oblique stigma and truncate.

The fruit is a 1-celled drupe with woody or bony stone. The seed is with free testa from the endocarp. Seedling is with epigeal germination. The cotyledons are emergent and fleshy while the hypocotyl is elongated.

Ecology / Cultivation

Buchanania arborescens is a fairly common lower-storey tree over sandy and rocky coasts, kerangas and river banks, but is also found in peat swamp forests and on limestone hills.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Buchanania_arborescens

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.5(3): Timber trees: Lesser-known timbers.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More