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Cinnamomum porrectum (Roxb.) Kosterm.

Cinnamomum porrectum (Roxb.) Kosterm.

Family

Lauraceae

Synonyms

Cinnamomum glanduliferum C. Nees, Cinnamomum parthenoxylon (Jack) C. Nees, Cinnamomum sumatranum (Miq.) Meissner.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Medang kemangi (Peninsu­lar), keplah wangi (Sarawak), bunsod (Sabah).
English Safrol laurel.
Indone­sia Medang lesah (General), ki sereh (Sundanese, Java), selasihan (Javanese, Java), rawali (Kali­mantan).
Thailand Thep-tharo (Central).
Myanmar Karawa.
Vietnam

Re huong.

Geographical Distributions

Cinnamomum porrectum is found in India, Burma (Myanmar), through Indo-China, Thailand and southern China, towards Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java and Borneo.

Description

Cinnamomum porrectum is a medium-sized to large, more or less deciduous tree up to 45 m tall. The bole is straight, cylindrical, measures up to 105 cm in diametre and sometimes buttressed. The surface of the bark is deeply irregularly fis­sured or cracked, dark grey or greyish-brown while the in­ner bark is reddish-brown and laminated.

The leaves are subop­posite to spiral, measuring 5-15 cm x 2.5-8 cm, with wedge-shaped to rounded base, blunt to acuminate at apex, smooth and with 3-8 pairs of lateral veins. The main veins are promi­nent above, with reticulate tertiary venation, faint on both surfaces and with petiole 1.2-3 cm long.

The inflorescence is an axillary or pseudo-terminal panicle measuring 2.5-15 cm long. The flowers are smooth or sparingly hairy.

The fruit is spherical to slightly depressed spherical, measuring 0.8-1 cm across, seated on a funnel-shaped perianth cup and with an entire margin.

 

Ecology / Cultivation

Cinnamomum porrectum is widely dis­tributed and locally common in lowland to mon­tane forests, sometimes in regions with a pro­nounced dry season, on both fertile and poor soils, usually in well-drained locations, up to 2000 (-3000) m altitude. The density of the wood is 400-860 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Cinnamomum_porrectum

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.5(2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers.

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