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Dendranthema indicum (L.) Des Moul.

Dendranthema indicum (L.) Des Moul.

Family

Compositae

Synonyms

Chrysanthemum indicum L.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Kekwa.
English

False chamomile, Indian chrysanthemum, winter aster.

Indonesia Sruni alas (Javanese).
Thailand Benchamaat suan (Central).
Philippines Mansanilla, dolontas (Tagalog).
Vietnam

Kim c[us]c, c[us]c hoa v[af]ng.

French Chrysanthème des Indes.

Geographical Distributions

Dendranthema indicum grows wild in Japan and China, Taiwan, Java, and the Philippines. It is cultivated in many countries all over the world as an ornamental. In India, Vietnam, China and Japan it is cultivated as a medicinal, and has become naturalised on a small scale.

Description

Dendranthema indicum is an erect or ascending, perennial, aromatic, pubescent herb, 30-60 cm tall, with stolons and rhizomes.

The leaves are ovate to oblong-ovate in outline, 3-5 cm x 2.5-4 cm in size, pinnately lobed with 2-3 lobes on each side and abruptly narrowed at the base.

The peduncle is short, involucral bracts are oblong or elliptical and equalling the achenes in size, with the heads are 1.5-2.5 cm in diametre. The petal of ligulate flower is 11-13 mm long.

Ecology / Cultivation

Several varieties are recognised within Dendranthema indicum, one of which is Dendranthema indicum var. edule (Kitam.) Kitam. which is cultivated as a vegetable in China. The wild type grows on sunny, fertile and humid locations, up to 1000 m altitude. The optimum temperature range is from 15°C to 30°C.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Dendranthema_indicum2

References

  1. Plant Resources of South East-Asia No.12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.

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