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Phyllanthus reticulatus Poiret

Phyllanthus reticulatus Poiret 

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Synonyms

Phyllanthus microcarpus (Benth.) Muell. Arg., Phyllanthus dalbergioides Wallich ex J.J. Smith, Phyllanthus erythrocarpus Ridley.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Kayu darah belut, tampal besi.

English Phyllanthus, seaside laurel.
Indonesia Congcong belut, trembilu (Javanese), wawulutan (Sundanese).
Philippines

Malatinta (Tagalog), matang-buiud (Bikol), sungot-olang (Bisaya).

Cambodia Prâpéénh chhmôôl.
Laos Am ai2, kang2pa.
Thailand Kaang plaa khruea (General), mat kham (Northern), am aai (Eastern).
Vietnam Ph[ef]n den, c[aa]y n[oox].
French

Phyllanthe, bois à enivrer, bois de gaulettes.

Geographical Distributions

Phyllanthus reticulatus is widespread in the Old World tropics, from tropical Africa to Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, southern China, Thailand and throughout the Malesian region towards northern Australia (Queensland); it has been introduced into the West Indies.

Description

Phyllanthus reticulatus is a monoecious, smooth to hairy, bushy shrub or small tree that is up to 5(- 18) m tall with disagreeable scent. It has a rough bark, brown or grey, lance-shaped cataphylls and with triangular stipules. The deciduous branchlets are steeply ascending, (8.5-)10-20(-25) cm long and with (10-)13-20(-25) leaves.

The leaves are elliptical to elliptical-ovate or elliptical-obovate, 10-50 mm x 5-27 mm, wedge-shaped to rounded at base, obtuse to emarginate apex, short petiolate and lance-shaped stipules. The cymules are usually axillary or sometimes on leafless shoots and resembling a raceme, usually bisexual and composed of 1(-2) female flowers and up to 8 male ones.

The flowers are with 5-6 sepal lobes and 5(-6) disk segments. There are 5-6 stamens in male flowers, in two sets, which, one is with longer filaments fused into a central column and another is shorter, free filaments, free anthers and longitudinally dehiscing. The female flowers are on a slender pedicel, bifid styles and free but connivent over the top of the ovary.

The fruit is a berry, spherical or oblate, 4-6 mm in diametre, smooth and blueish-black when ripe. The seeds are nearly smooth.

 

Ecology / Cultivation

Phyllanthus reticulatus is a variable and weedy species of secondary vegetation, mixed evergreen forest, scrub and hedges, frequently along watercourses, up to 1000 m altitude while in India is up to 2000 m.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Phyllanthus_reticulatus

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.

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