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Scaphium macropodum (Miq.) Beumée ex K. Heyne

Scaphium macropodum (Miq.) Beumée ex K. Heyne

Family

Sterculiaceae

Synonyms

Scaphium affinis (Masters) Pierre ('affine'), Scaphium beccarianum Pierre, Scaphium lychnophorum (Hance) Pierre ('lichnophorum').

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Kembang semangkok jantong (Peninsular), kembang semangkok batu (Sabah).

Indonesia Kepayang, merpayang (Sumatra), tempayang (Java).
Thailand Phungthalai (Central), samrong (South-eastern).

Geographical Distributions

Scaphium macropodum is found in Cambodia, south-eastern and peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Bangka and Borneo.

Description

Scaphium macropodum is a large tree that can reach up to 45 m tall, with its bole measuring up to 80 cm in diametre, and with large and often spreading buttresses.

The leaves are variable in shape and size. They are broadly ovate, ovate, elliptical, oblong or lance-shaped, measuring (8-)15-25(-40) cm x (1-)7-12(-30) cm, shallowly cordate, truncate, rounded to broadly wedge-shaped at the base, acute or acuminate at the apex and with 6-11 pairs of secondary veins. They are hairless while petiole is up to 15 cm long.

The fruit is up to 22 cm long. The red seed is up to 25 mm long and smooth.

Ecology / Cultivation

Scaphium macropodum is by far the commonest Scaphium species and is locally abundant on well-drained undulating land and ridges up to 1200 m.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Scaphium_macropodum

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(1): Timber trees: Major commercial timbers.

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