image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

113th MOH-AMM Scientific Meeting 2019

From Tue, 27. August 2019 Until Thu, 29. August 2019

14 th World Congress on Pharmacology and Toxicology

From Wed, 11. September 2019 Until Thu, 12. September 2019

25th International Coneference on Advanced Clinical Research and Clinical Trials

From Mon, 16. September 2019 Until Tue, 17. September 2019

17th World Congress on Drug Formualtion & Drug Delivery

From Wed, 25. September 2019 Until Thu, 26. September 2019

19th World Congress on Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences

From Mon, 14. October 2019 Until Tue, 15. October 2019

Schima wallichii (DC.) Korth.

Schima wallichii (DC.) Korth.

Family

Theaceae

Synonyms

Schima bancana Miq., S. crenata Korth., S. noronhae Reinw. ex Blume.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Medang gatal (trade name), gatal-gatal (Sabah), samak (Peninsular).

English, American

Needle wood, schima.

Trade names

Mang tan, simartolu.

Indonesia Puspa (trade name), madang gatal (Kalimantan), seru (Sumatra, Java).
Thailand Bunnak (South-eastern), champa dong (North-eastern), thalo (Northern).
Papua New Guinea Schima.
Myanmar

Laukya.

Laos Boun nak, 'khai1 sou2, 'mi.
Vietnam V[oos]i thu[oos]c.
Brunei Kelinchi padi.

Geographical Distributions

Schima is a wide-ranging monotypic genus occurring from north-eastern India through Indo-China, southern China, the Ryukyu Islands and the Bonin Islands to Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo and the Philippines (Palawan). S. wallichii (DC.) Korth. is fairly widely grown in Southeast Asia and locally naturalised.

Description

Schima wallichii is an evergreen, medium-sized to large tree that can grow up to 47 m tall. The bole is cylindrical, branchless for up to 25 m, measuring up to 125(-250) cm in diametre and rarely with steep buttresses up to 1.8 m high. The surface of the bark is ruggedly cracked into small thick angular pieces. It is red-brown to dark grey. The inner bark is with irritated, bright-red fibres.

The leaves are arranged spirally, simple, entire to coarsely toothed and exstipulate.

The flowers are solitary in axils at the apices of twigs, with 2 bracteoles and 5-merous. The sepals are subequal and persistent in fruit. The petals are connate at the base. There are many stamens, which are adnate to the petal base while the anthers are versatile. The ovary is superior, 5-locular with 2-6 ovules in each cell and with simple style.

The fruit is a woody and nearly spherical capsule. The seed are winged all around. Seedling is with epigeal germination. The cotyledons are emergent, leafy and with elongated hypocotyls. All leaves are arranged spirally and involute to almost conduplicate.

Ecology / Cultivation

Schima wallichii is a common tree that can grow in a wide range of climates, habitats and soils. It is found in perhumid to seasonal climates. It often occurs gregariously in primary lowlands to montane forests, up to 2400(-3900) m altitude, but is particularly common in disturbed and secondary forests, scrubs and grasslands and even in areas inundated with brackish water. It usually prefers well-drained soils, but has been observed in swamps and along rivers, and is not choosy about soil texture and fertility.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Schima_wallichii

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(3): Timber trees: Lesser-known timbers.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More