image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

113th MOH-AMM Scientific Meeting 2019

From Tue, 27. August 2019 Until Thu, 29. August 2019

14 th World Congress on Pharmacology and Toxicology

From Wed, 11. September 2019 Until Thu, 12. September 2019

25th International Coneference on Advanced Clinical Research and Clinical Trials

From Mon, 16. September 2019 Until Tue, 17. September 2019

17th World Congress on Drug Formualtion & Drug Delivery

From Wed, 25. September 2019 Until Thu, 26. September 2019

19th World Congress on Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences

From Mon, 14. October 2019 Until Tue, 15. October 2019

Myrica esculenta Buch. -Ham.

Myrica esculenta Buch. -Ham.

Family

Myricaceae

Synonyms

Myrica farquhariana Wallich, Myrica sapida Wallich, Myrica nagi auct. non Thunb.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Telur chicak, gelincek, kesami (Peninsular).

English

Box myrtle.

Indonesia Ki keper (Sundanese), samben, woru gesik (Javanese).
Thailand

Metchun tua phuu (Phangnga), ruesee sek (Chai Nat), maak-mon-on (Shan-Chiang Mai).

Geographical Distributions

Myrica esculenta is native to a large part of South Asia. It is found in the Himalayas of Nepal, in southern China eastwards to Guangdong province, in northern India, Burma, Indo-China and Thailand. In Malaysia, it occurs in Peninsular Malaysia, the Philippines, and Indonesia (Sumatra, Kalimantan, Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands). Box myrtle is very rarely cultivated.

Description

Myrica esculenta is a small, evergreen dioecious tree which can reach up to 15 m tall. The trunk is 40 cm in diametre, crooked and irregularly branched. The bark is greyish-brown and measure 5-15 mm thick. The buds and twigs are usually clothed with long hairs and mixed with scattered sessile glands.

The leaves are arranged spirally, coriaceous, lance-shaped-obovate or oblong-obovate, measuring (2.5-)5-18 cm x 1-4.5 cm, usually wedge-shaped at the base, acute or obtuse at the apex, entire or sometimes coarsely serrate, more or less hairless and minutely glandular beneath and without stipules. The petiole is 2-10 mm long.

The flowers are in catkins, which are borne on stalks up to 8 cm long in the leaf-axils. Each flower is subtended by a bract. The male flowers are with (2-)4 stamens and with red anthers while the female flowers are with an initially hairy ovary and two slender, sharply-pointed stigmas.

The fruit is an ellipsoid drupe, measuring 1-2 cm long, beset with rounded tubercles, red when ripens and 1-seeded. Fruits mature in about 6 months after flowering.

Ecology / Cultivation

In Southeast Asia, Myrica esculenta occurs in light forests, where it is locally numerous. It prefers dry, well-drained soils, and can be found on sandy dunes and stony laterites, from the lowland up to 1700 m altitude. In India and China, box myrtle grows in a subtropical climate on hills and mountains at 900—2100 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

m

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 3: Dye and tannin-producing plants.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More