image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

113th MOH-AMM Scientific Meeting 2019

From Tue, 27. August 2019 Until Thu, 29. August 2019

14 th World Congress on Pharmacology and Toxicology

From Wed, 11. September 2019 Until Thu, 12. September 2019

25th International Coneference on Advanced Clinical Research and Clinical Trials

From Mon, 16. September 2019 Until Tue, 17. September 2019

17th World Congress on Drug Formualtion & Drug Delivery

From Wed, 25. September 2019 Until Thu, 26. September 2019

19th World Congress on Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences

From Mon, 14. October 2019 Until Tue, 15. October 2019

Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr.

Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr.

Family

Moraceae

Synonyms

Artocarpus integrifolia L.f.(nomen illegitimum), Artocarpus polyphema Persoon (nomen illegitimum), Artocarpus champeden (Lour.) Stokes.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Chempedak (Cultivated), bankong (Wild), baroh (Johor).
English Chempedak.
Indonesia Chempedak, campedak (Malay), baroh (Lingga).
Burma (Myanmar) Sonekadat.
Thailand Champada.

Geographical Distributions

Artocarpus integer is widely distributed in Burma (Tenasserim), Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, the Lingga Archipelago, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and Irian Jaya. It is also cultivated in these areas as well      as in western Java.

Description

A. integer is an evergreen monoecious tree that can reach up to 20 m tall. It is seldom buttressed, grey-brown bark, bumps on the trunk and with the main limbs where the leafy twigs are produced, which bear the fruits.

The twigs, stipules and leaves are with brown wiry hairs and measure up to 3 mm long. The twigs are 2.5-4 mm thick and with ring-shaped stipular scars. The stipules are ovate and measure up to 9 cm long. The leaves are obovate to elliptic, measuring 5-25 cm x 2.5-12 cm, rounded to wedge-shaped at the base, entire at the margin and acuminate at the apex. The lateral veins are 6-10 pairs and curve forward. The petiole is 1-3 cm long.

The inflorescences are solitary, axillary and cauliflorous or ramiflorous on the short leafy shoots. The male heads are cylindrical, measuring 3-5.5 cm x 1 cm, whitish-yellow and with a peduncle measures 3-6 cm long. The female heads are with simple slender styles and exserted to 1.5 mm long.

The yellowish to brownish to orange-green fruit is a syncarp, cylindrical to almost spherical, measuring 20-35 cm x 10-15 cm, strongly smelling at maturity, smooth or covered by closely set, firm and with the obtuse prickles or processes of 2-4 mm in length. The peduncle is 5-9 cm long and with about 1 cm thick wall.

The fruiting perianths are numerous, soft, fleshy, become detached from wall and core. The pericarps (including the seeds) are ellipsoid to oblong, measuring about 3 cm x 2 cm, with unequal cotyledons, thick and fleshy. The germination is epigeal.

Ecology / Cultivation

A. integer is a common tree in secondary forests and locally abundant in primary lowland rainforests in its area of natural occurrence. It is a long-lived sub-canopy tree. It can grow up to 500(-1300) m altitude and often on wet hillsides. It is strictly tropical and always restricted to regions without a distinct dry season. The tree thrives on fertile well-drained soils, but prefers a fairly high water table (0.5-2 m). It is also can survive in periodic flooding, even with acid swamp water (Sumatra:Palembang, Palopo).

Line Drawing / Photograph

Artocarpus_integer

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 2: Edible fruits and nuts.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More