Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine

From Mon, 24. February 2020 Until Tue, 25. February 2020

21st Interntaional Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutics & Novel Drug Delivery Systems

From Wed, 11. March 2020 Until Thu, 12. March 2020

6th Annual Congress on Clinical & Hospital Pharmacy

From Mon, 23. March 2020 Until Tue, 24. March 2020

2nd International Conference on Bio-Pharmaceuticals

From Wed, 25. March 2020 Until Thu, 26. March 2020

Hopea odorata Roxb.

Hopea odorata Roxb.





Vernacular Names

Malaysia Merawan siput jantan, chengal pasir, chengal mas (Peninsular).
Burma (Myanmar) Thingan, net, sauchi.
Cambodia Kôki:(r) mosau, kôki:(r) thmâr:(r).
Laos (maiz) kh'è:n, kh'èn h'üa.
Thailand Takhian-thong, takhian-yai (General), khaen (North-eastern).
Vietnam Sao den, sao b[ax] m[is]a, sao c[as]t.

Geographical Distributions

Hopea odorata is found in Bangladesh, Burma, Laos, southern Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, the Andaman Islands and northern Peninsular Malaysia.


H. odorata is a medium-sized to large tree that can reach up to 45 m tall, with a straight bole, cylindrical, branchless for up to 25 m tall, measuring up to 120 cm in diametre and with prominent buttresses.

The bark surface is scaly and dark brown. The outer bark is rather thick while the inner bark is dull yellow, tinged green at the cambium and with resinous sapwood. The young parts are sparsely pale buff puberulent.

The leaves are ovate-lance-shaped, measuring 7-14 cm x 3-7 cm, falcate, broadly wedge-shaped at the base, unequal, broad acumen, measure up to 1.5 cm long, scalariform venation and with applanate to slightly channelled midrib above while the secondary veins are 9-12 pairs, prominent beneath, arched and with prominent saccate axillary domatia.

There are 15 stamens which are with narrowly ellipsoid anthers, an ovoid ovary, punctate or hairless and surmounted by an equally tall columnar style.

The 2 longer fruit sepal lobes measuring up to 5.5 cm x 2 cm, broadly spatulate and saccate while the 3 shorter ones measuring up to 4 mm x 4 mm, ovate and sub-acuminate.

Ecology / Cultivation

H. odorata is a riparian species and usually occurs on deep rich soils up to 600 m altitude. The density of the wood is 620-930 kg/m3 at 15% of moisture content.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(1): Timber trees: Major commercial timbers.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More