Establishment of Aloe Vera (Aloe Vera L.) on Sand Tailings

Author

Lim A.H., Vimala p. & Mansor P. Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), P.O.Box 12301, 50774 Kuala Lumpur. Tel: 03-8945 1141 Fax: 03-89411499  Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Language

English

Title

Establishment of Aloe Vera (Aloe Vera L.) on Sand Tailings

Proceeding

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Seminar (MAPS 2008)

Date

21st October - 22nd October 2008

Place Held

The Legend Hotel, Kuala Lumpur

Abstract

Aloe vera L., a drought resistant perennial herb is native to Africa and the Mediterranean regions. It is now grown all over the tropics and subtropics for its succulent leaves. Aloe vera has been traditionally used to treat burns, wounds, fever, ulcers and a host of other ailments. This study presents a first attempt in the establishment of aloe vera on sand-tailings. The trial was conducted on sand-tailings at MARDI Station, Kundang. Poultry manure (PM) and palm oil mill effluent (POME) each at 1 and 2 kg/plant was apllied and mixed with the sand in 20cm deep furrows dug at 70cm apart, in 3 m x 3 m plots. Fifteen cm tall plantlets raised in polybags were transplanted into the furrows at 50cm apart, giving at total of 24 plants/plots. Inorganic fertiiser (N: P₂O₅: K₂O: MgO = 12:12:17:2 + trace) was applied at 15 g/plant at monthly intervals. Additional organic fertilisers were applied at 375 g/plant at bimonthly intervals. Plant height, number of mature leaves/plot and weight of mature leaves mature leaves harvested/plot were recorded. Leaf length and width were also measured. The gel in the leaf was obtained by making a slit along the leaf and scooping out the contents. There were no significant differences between the treatments for all the plant characteristics. The mean plant height ranged from 38 to 45 cm. The mean number of mature leaves harvested from the two central rows in each plot (12 plants) ranged from 21.7 to 38.3. The weight of these harvested leaves ranged from 3290 to 6777g. The mean length of the leaves ranged from 37.5 to 46.5 cm and the mean width from 6.2 to 7.7 cm. The mean weight of gel/ leaf ranged from 88.0 to 159.2 g. The highest gel yield/leaf was from the higher rate of PM. The estimated gel yield/ha ranged from 6.3 to 14.5 t. Though there were no significant differences, both PM and POME at the higher rate, gave higher values for all the plant characteristics. It was conducted that aloe vera was a potential crop for cultivation on sand-tailings. Poultry manure at 1.5kg/plant as basal and top dressings at 375g/ plant/2 months, and inorganic fertiliser at 15g/plant/month could be recommended for the cultivation of aloe vera on sand-tailings.

Keywords

Aloe vera; sand tailings; poultry manure; palm oil mill effluent (POME)

Session

Poster Abstracts

Topic

New Paradigm In Malaysian Herbal Industry (Prof. Emeritus Dr. Abdul Latif Ibrahim-UNISEL)