Major Herbal Products Imported by Malaysia from Countries of Origin during the Period 2000 to 2007

There were many types of raw materials imported by Malaysia during the observed period. Based on quantities, the following products were sourced from their countries of origin. Table 191 presents selected major products, their HS Codes and the total quantities imported. Garlic was the major product imported   whilst sandalwood chips  was the last item on the list.

Table 191: Selected Major Products Imported by Malaysia

table1cptr9Note: M is for quantities of product in millions of kg.

Figure 252 shows the percentage breakdowns of the selected major products imported by Malaysia from various countries of origin. Most Notable  products were garlic, ginger, other plants of a kind used in the perfumery, pharmaceutical and insecticide industries and seeds of coriander.

 

11.9

Figure 252: Major Raw Materials Imported by Malaysia 2000-2007

**Footnote

 

Garlic1

Garlic, Fresh Or Chilled

Other Plants2

Other Plants Of A Kind Use For Perfumery, Pharmacy, Insecticidal Purpose (Fresh Or Dried)

Odoriferous Mixtures3

Mixtures Of Odoriferous  Substances Used In The Food Or Drinks Industry

Other Natural Gums4

Other Natural Gums, Resins, Gum-Resins And Oleoresins (E.G. Balsams)

Odoriferous Mixtures5

Other Mixtures Of Odoriferous Substances, Of A Kind Used As Raw Materials In Industry

Cloves6

Cloves (Whole Fruit, Cloves And Stems)

Cinnamon7

Cinnamon And Cinnamon-Tree Flowers, Neither Crushed Nor Ground

Vegetable Products8

Other Vegetable Products Not Elsewhere Specified Or Included

Other Essential Oils10

Other Essential Oils Of Citrus Fruit

For imports of raw materials from the countries of origin, Malaysia could have benefited   by purchasing raw materials from a few countries rather than from a spread of producing countries. Looking at the import data below, 10 selected raw products could have been  obtained from countries that provided more than 10% of the total quantity of each selected item,   for example r garlic and ginger, Malaysia could have purchased  the products mainly from China since  the country provided above 90% each of the 2 products..

Table 192:  10 Selected Raw Products Imported from Countries of Origin.

No.

Item

Description

Origin Countries

Import Contribution

(Kg)                      (%)

1

Garlic1

070320000

China

628,273,339.10

92.48

Hong Kong

40,477,089.95

5.96

India

8,364,366.00

1.23

Thailand

1,496,133.00

0.22

Myanmar

434,405.00

0.06

Philippines

54,240.00

0.01

Australia

52,417.00

0.01

Pakistan

50,016.00

0.01

Singapore

40,000.00

0.01

Korea

28,670.50

0.00

Others

119,113.28

0.02

2

Ginger

091010000

China

121,635,790.55

90.11

Thailand

6,078,887.60

4.50

Indonesia

3,446,180.05

2.55

Philippines

1,825,978.00

1.35

Myanmar

678,764.00

0.50

Singapore

402,580.80

0.30

Hong Kong

281,079.00

0.21

India

224,917.40

0.17

USA

109,414.02

0.08

Taiwan

63,580.00

0.05

Others

235,852.00

0.17

3

Other Plants6

121190900

China

60,429,686.71

68.82

Indonesia

7,807,001.02

8.89

Hong Kong

5,538,787.66

6.31

Vietnam

5,279,529.57

6.01

India

4,673,731.35

5.32

Thailand

1,830,839.50

2.09

Myanmar

902,321.20

1.03

Taiwan

296,945.77

0.34

South Africa

237,341.49

0.27

Australia

186,232.00

0.21

Others

622,408.30

0.71

4

Seeds Of Coriander

090920000

India

63,030,016.69

76.31

Bulgaria

10,458,126.51

12.66

China

3,606,695.00

4.37

Myanmar

1,610,698.80

1.95

Singapore

440,895.00

0.53

Netherlands

399,057.00

0.48

United Arab Emirates

386,875.00

0.47

Switzerland

313,500.00

0.38

Egypt

301,470.00

0.36

Vietnam

300,885.00

0.36

Others

1,750,723.00

2.12

5

Odoriferous Mixtures3

330210000

Ireland

7,605,863.78

30.02

Singapore

3,681,362.50

14.53

USA

2,237,319.80

8.83

New Zealand

1,434,576.00

5.66

Australia

1,179,900.59

4.66

Japan

1,022,308.61

4.03

Puerto Rico

983,723.31

3.88

France

967,142.45

3.82

United Kingdom

926,195.45

3.66

Myanmar

892,800.00

3.52

Others

4,407,093.52

17.39

6

Tumeric (Curcuma)

091030000

India

18,101,313.79

72.33

Myanmar

5,834,750.05

23.31

China

442,945.00

1.77

Indonesia

175,352.92

0.70

Singapore

150,181.62

0.60

Thailand

60,640.00

0.24

Vietnam

48,000.00

0.19

USA

38,276.71

0.15

Bulgaria

27,340.00

0.11

Pakistan

27,000.00

0.11

Others

121,917.40

0.49

7

Seeds Of Cumin

090930000

India

12,092,538.92

58.98

Iran

2,264,955.00

11.05

United Arab Emirates

1,956,803.00

9.54

Turkey

1,605,707.25

7.83

China

1,129,689.20

5.51

Pakistan

551,162.82

2.69

Syria

355,260.00

1.73

Australia

140,013.00

0.68

Egypt

87,519.00

0.43

Myanmar

81,352.00

0.40

Others

237,638.84

1.16

8

Seeds Of Fennel, Juniper, Berries

090950000

Egypt

7,935,743.30

48.79

India

6,750,355.48

41.50

China

878,154.50

5.40

Pakistan

193,696.50

1.19

Singapore

92,250.00

0.57

Iran

54,350.00

0.33

Italy

49,600.00

0.30

Indonesia

48,300.00

0.30

Bulgaria

47,396.00

0.29

Myanmar

40,425.00

0.25

Others

174,115.00

1.07

9

Other Natural Gums4

130190000

China

6,649,414.80

46.89

Indonesia

3,030,001.60

21.37

India

1,336,195.23

9.42

Spain

727,686.00

5.13

Singapore

527,303.63

3.72

Pakistan

352,452.00

2.49

USA

321,967.90

2.27

Denmark

274,668.10

1.94

United Kingdom

195,738.70

1.38

Hong Kong

193,300.00

1.36

Others

571,467.30

4.03

10

Odoriferous Mixtures5

330290000

Singapore, Republic Of

1,053,265.25

32.85

Hong Kong

374,635.40

11.68

China

215,996.00

6.74

Thailand

212,377.27

6.62

Taiwan

211,378.48

6.59

Mauritius

140,312.80

4.38

Saudi Arabia

112,618.92

3.51

Indonesia

106,015.70

3.31

India

97,109.00

3.03

Fiji

84,213.35

2.63

Others

598,674.53

18.67