Evolvulus alsinoides

 

Evolvulus alsinoides

Synonyms

No documentation

Vernacular Name

Sudafiti, slender dwarf morning glory

Description

Evolvulus alsinoides is most commonly known in the Ayurvedic system of medicine to enhance fertility, although it can be found throughout other regions of the world. It is of the Convolvulaceae family and is related to the Morning Glory.

The small herb yields solitary blue flowers from slender branches that grow up to 30cm in length. The plant is perennial and has small leaves that are dense with hair.

Origin / Habitat

E. alsinoides is a perennial weed growing throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world, expanding through grasslands up to an elevation of 6,000 feet.  It can also grow in warm regions such as the Southern United States. It is commonly thought of as a weed.

Chemical Constituents

Alkaloids, amino acids, betaine, carbohydrates, evolvine, phenolic compounds, proteins, sterols, tannins and a water-soluble base

Plant Part Used

Whole Plant

Medicinal Uses

General

Antibacterial

Digestive Issues

Anti-inflammatory

Memory

Immune Function

Anti catatonic

Anti anxiety

Most Frequently Reported Uses

Antibacterial

Digestive Issues

Anti-inflammatory

Memory

Dosage

300mg-6g powdered herb one to three times per day

24-48mL Infusion as directed

600mg powdered herb daily

Pharmacology

Pre-clinical

A laboratory study qualified the ethanolic extract of E. alsinoides as having antibacterial properties when used in vitro against many common bacteria, including E. coli. The study demonstrated antibacterial activity that was comparable to a standard antibiotic.[1] The ethanolic extract of E. alsinoides also displays adaptogenic and anti-amnesiac activity in rodents. Nootropic and anti-inflammatory activity in E. alsinoides is also well known.[2] In vivo studies have also verified the anti-ulcer and anti-catatonic abilities of the herb.[3]

A review study sought to verify many of the traditional claims laid out by the traditional usage of E. alsinoides. The study verified that E. alsinoides acted as an anthleminitic, antibacterial, anti-oxidant and immunomodulatory with potential use as a gastroprotective.[4]

 

The large doses of E. alsinoides may cause drowsiness and lowered mobility, but there is no toxic effect on the body.[4]

Clinical

No clinical studies are available for evaluation.

Interaction and Depletions

Interaction with other Herbs

No documentation

Interaction with Drugs

There are no reports of interactions with drugs. However, based on pharmacology, caution should be used before combining this herb with any medication that has a sedative effect.

Not to be used in large quantities in conjunction with drugs that has a sedative effect.

Precautions and Contraindications

Side effects

No documentation

Pregnancy

Not to be used by pregnant or nursing women.

Age limitation

No documentation

Adverse reaction

No documentation

Read more

  1) Botanical Info

  2) Ayuverda

References

  1. Tharan NT, Vadivu R, Palanisamy M, Justin V. Antibacterial activity of Evolvulus alsinoides. Indian Drugs. 2003;40(10):585-586.
  2. Cervenka F, Koleckar C, Rehakova Z, Jahodar L, Kunes J, Opletal L, Hyspler R, Jun D, Kuca K. Evaluation of natural substances from Evolvulus alsinoides L. with the purpose of determining their antioxidant potency. J Enz Inhib Med Chem. 2008;23(4);574-578.
  3. Purohit MG, Shanthaveerappa BK, Badami S, Swamy HKS, Badami S. Antiulcer and anticatatonic activity of alcoholic extract of evolvulus alsinoides (convolvulaceae). Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. May-Jun 1996;58(3):110-112.
  4. Singh A, Duggal S. Review of Ethnomedicinal Uses and Pharmacology of Evolvus alsinoides Linn. Ethnobotanical Leaflets. Oct 2008;12:734-740.