Ethnobotanical Usage of ‘Simpoh’ and Their Identification

Author

Tan A.L.
Medicinal Plants Programme, Division of Forest Biotechnology, Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), 52109 Kepong. Selangor
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Language

English

Title

Ethnobotanical Usage of ‘Simpoh’ and Their Identification

Proceeding

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Seminar (MAPS 2008)

Date

21st October - 22nd October 2008)

Place Held

The Legend Hotel, Kuala Lumpur

Abstract

Five ‘simpoh’ (Dillenia L.) species out of the ten that occur in Peninsular Malaysia were found to have ethnobotanical value to certain ethnic groups In Malaysia as well as in South East Asia. This study is conducted to ascertain the ethnobotanical value among the ‘simpoh’ species that occur in Peninsular Malaysia. Besides that, it also aims to distinguish the species involved using some diagnostic characters. In order to fufill the objective, the ethnobotanlcal usage of the species of ’simpoh’ occurring in Peninsular Malaysia was compiled from various secondary resources. Meanwhile, the tips to recognize these species were based on the observations made during fleldworks and samples examined from various herbaria in Peninsular Malaysia including SING. It was found that ‘simpoh’ are mostly used to treat diarrhoea, cough, fever and to staunch bleeding wounds while the fruits are usually consumed as food. Two species of ‘simpoh’ were found to have antioxidant and antimicrobial value. On the other hand, the structure of the inflorescence, flower, fruit and leaf character, especially the petiole, venation, indumentum and colour were found to be very important to distinguish the species of ‘simpoh’. Additional information on the economic usage, habitat and distribution of these species in Peninsular Malaysia were also recorded. In conclusion, ‘simpoh’ may be worthwhile for further screening as they are quite widespread in Peninsular Malaysia.

Keywords

Simpoh; Dillenia L.; ethnnobotany; Peninsular Malaysia; diagnostic characters

Session

Poster Abstracts

Topic

Think Global, Act Local: A New Paradigm In Malaysian Herbal Industry (Prof. Emeritus Dr. Abdul Latif Ibrahim-UNISEL)