Anisophyllea disticha

Synonyms

Haloragis disticha 

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia

Pokok Kancil, Kayu Pacat, Rambai Ayam, Meribut, Payong di Raja, Raja Berangkat, Kayu Ribu-ribu, Meribut, Ambun-ambun, Kayu Runap

Indonesia

Lambai Ayam, Kayu Ribu, Mempiding, Sempiding [1]

General Information

Description

Anisophyllea disticha is a member of Anisophylleaceae family. It is a forest shrub with ferruginous pilose branches. The leaves are alternate, distichous and arranged in two series, which one of the large leaves and other of very small ones which resemble stipulae, being regularly placed a little below the insertion of the large ones, so as to lie over their bases; large leaves are subsessile, rhomboid oblong, inequilateral, acute, entire, nearly smooth above, pilose with short appressed hairs beneath; measuring 2.5-4 cm long and the small leaves are similar in shape, but more acute, and little more than 0.5cm long. They are arranged on the anterior side of the branch and are closely appressed to it, so as to resemble stipules. The flowers are axillary, generally solitary, subsessile. The calyx are 4-leaves and persistent. The petals 4, shorter than the calyx, trifid. The stamina 8, as long as the petals and anthers 2-celled. The ovary is inferior, 4-sided, ferruginous, 4-celled, tetrasporous. The styles 4, equal to the stamina. The stigma simple. The drupe oblong ovate, red, containing a nut with 8 longitudinal furrows, and containing a single seed. The seed oblong oval; embryo central in an ample albumen. [1]

Plant Part Used

Roots, leaves [1] [2] [3]

Chemical Constituents

No documentation

Traditional Used:

Gastrointestinal Diseases

An infusion of the plant is used to treat diarrhoea and dysentery and a decoction of the leaves is used to bathe patients suffering from jaundice. [1] In some places, the leaves are chewed on fresh to stop diarrhoea and dysentery.

Tonic

In Sumatra decoction of the roots in combination with other herbs is used to relieve tiredness. [2] In Malaysia the roots of A. disticha is boiled with onion and black cumin (Nigella sativa) for relieve of tiredness and body aches. [3]

Other uses

Decoction of the roots alone is given to women during period of confinement as a method of revitalizing their birth canal. [3]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology


No documentation

Toxicities

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

References

  1. I.H.Burkill A Dictionary of Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula Volume 1  Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperative Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 1966 pg. 162
  2. Christophe Wiart Medicinal plants of Asia and the Pacific CRC Press LLC Boca Raton 2006 pg. 121
  3. Hean Chooi OngTumbuhan liar: khasiat ubatan & kegunaan lain Utusan Publications and Distributors Kuala Lumpur 2004 pg. 91