Articles

Urena lobata

Synonyms

Urena malacoides, Urena monopetala, Urena americana, Urena tricuspis, Urena reticulata, Urena viminea, Urena grandiflora, Urnea trilobata, Urena tomentosa, Urena repanda, Urena blumei, Pavonia rubiformis [2] [11] [12]

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia

Pulut-pulut, Pepulut, Pulutan kelulut, Pulut lembu, Pulutan

English Bur-fruited urena, Caesar weed; Aramina, Cadillo, Duck foot
Indonesia

Pulutan, Pulutan kebo, Legetan (Jawa); Pulutan sapi, Pulut-pulut, Pulutan (Melayu); Pungpulutan awewe, Pungpurutan (Sunda)  ; Ambung-ambung ; Polot; Kaporata ; Sampelulut, Kapuhak, Bejak, Kokomomoko, Taba toko

Thailand

Khee krok

Philippines

Kollokollot, Kullukullut (Illocano) , Dalupang, Kulot-kulutan, Malopolo, Mangkit, Palisin (Tagalog)

Myanmar

Kut-si-ne

Vietnam

Ke-khuyet

China

Di tao hua

India

Bachata, Vilaiti san, Bachita, Ban-ochra, Vana-bhenda

Bangladesh

Ghamira

Nepali Bhere jhar, Bishmaro, Chiple, Dale kuro, Katahare kuro, Kuro, Lise kuro, Nalu kuro [1] [2] [3] [5] [8] [10] [11]

General Information

Description

Urena lobata is a member of the Malvaceae family. It is a rather woody undershrub reaching up to 120 cm in height. It is more or less hairy. The leaves are variable in shape and size, covered with branched hairs, sometime grey-wooly, broadest near the base. The margins are shallowly or deeply lobed reaching up to 7.6 cm long and wide with 3 ribs radiating from the base. The petiole is from less than 1.3 cm to 6.4 cm long. The flowers are axillary, pink or purple about 2.5 cm across, lasting for only a short time, a few together or solitary in short stalks in the leaf axils. The calyx, 5 sepals alternate with epicalyx bracts. The corolla with 5 petals, obovate, measures 2 cm long. The stamen 10, gathered in a tube. The fruit is a capsule, consisting of 5 one-seeded segments, flattened, nearly spherical, covered with hooked spines, measuring about 7mm in diameter. The back side with numerous linear expansions retrorsely hairy. [2]

Plant Part Used

Whole plant [1]

Chemical Constituents

Alkaloid; Garam kalium [11]

Traditional Used:

Gastrointestinal Diseases

The roots of U. lobata is a remedy for dysentery, diarrhoea, and gastric pains. The decoction of the roots is given in a does of half glass twice a day. In Nepals to treat these conditions a compound medicine is prepared with the roots forming an essential part of the ingredient. They made use of the seeds in the form of a decoction to treat cases of intestinal parasitism. The Brazilians made use of the roots and barks to treat windy colics.[1] [3] [4] [6]

 

Respiratory Diseases

The leaves of U. lobata is a good expectorant. The Indonesian traditional practitioners recommend chewing on the leaves and swallowing the juice to help loosen thick phlegm. A decoction of the roots is their remedy for influenza. The Nepalese and Brazillians on the other hand made used of the flowers as an expectorant. [1] [3] [4]

Gynaecological Diseases

Leucorrhoea is treated by drinking half glass of decoction of the roots of U. lobata. In Upper Assam the roots is used to procure abortion. Malay traditional midwives use a decoction of the root as an aid to hasten difficult delivery. [1] [5] [8]

Inflammatory Condition

Various inflammatory conditions could be treated with U. lobata. The flowers or the leaves is made into a paste and applied over wounds, ulcers and abscesses to aid in hastening healing. The same is made used of in treating sprains and bruises, rheumatism, and tonsillitis. The juice extracted from the leaves is a remedy for snake bites and conjunctivitis. [1] [3] [8] [9]

Kidney Diseases

The roots of U. lobata is considered diuretic and the decoction is used by Indonesian traditional practitioners to treat oedema due to nephritis. [1]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology

Antimicrobial activity

Mazumder et al [13] found that the methanol extract of U. lobata.roots has a broad spectrum antibacterial activity.

Toxicities

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

Read More

  1)  Botanical Info

References

    1. H. Arief Hariana, Tumbuhan Obat dan Khasiatnya 2, Niaga Swadaya, Jakarta, 2008. pg194-195
    2. Marita Ignacio Galinato, Keith Moody, Colin M. Piggin, International Rice Research Institute, Upland rice weeds of south and southeast Asia, Int. Rice Res. Inst., Philippines,1999.  pg58-59
    3. N. P. Manandhar, Sanjay Manandhar, Plants and people of Nepal, Timber Press, Oregon, 2002.  pg469
    4. John Lindley, An introduction to the natural system of botany: or, A systematic view of the organization, natural affinities, and geographical distribution of the whole vegetable kingdom; together with the uses of the most important species in medicine, the arts, and rural or domestic economy, G. & C. & H. Carvill, New York, 1831. Pg34
    5. Chopra R N, I.C. Chopra, Indigenous Drugs Of India, Academic Publishers, Kolkata, 2006.  pg570
    6. Gilbert Thomas Burnett, Outlines of botany: including a general history of the vegetable kingdom, in which plants are arranged according to the system of natural affinities, Volume 2,  John Churchill, London, 1835.  pg817
    7. Dr. Singh, Dr. Pande & Dr. Jain, Diversity and Systematics of Seed Plants, Rastogi Publications, India, 2007. pg125
    8. Noraida Arifin, Penyembuhan semula jadi dengan herba, PTS Litera Utama, Kuala Lumpur, 2005.  pg192-193
    9. Awadesh N. Sharma, Rajesh K. Gautam, Ajay K. Gharami, Indigenous health care and ethno-medicine, Sarup & Sons, New Delhi, 2006. pg40
    10. http://herbal-obatalami.com/pdf/pulutan.pdf access on 6/10/2010
    11. http://www.tanaman-obat.com/penyakit/191-tanaman-obat-pulutan?format=pdf access on 6/10/2010
    12. Peter Hanelt Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops, Volume 2 Springer Verlag Berlin 2001 pg. 1613
    13. Mazumder UK, Gupta M, Manikandan L, Bhattacharya S. Antibacterial activity of Urena lobata root. Fitoterapia. 2001 Dec;72(8):927-9.