Themeda arguens

Synonyms

Anthistiria arguens, Anthistiria ciliata, Anthistiria frondosa, Anthistiria pilifera, Stipa arguens, Themeda frondosa

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia

Malaysia – Rumput Misai Adam, Misai Tok Adam

English Tassel Grass, Kangaroo Grass, Christmas grass, Piano Grass
Indonesia

Rumput Merak

Thailand

Yan Chao Chuu; Ya Chao Chu [2] [4]

English

 [2] [4]

General Information

Description

Themeda arguens is a member of the family Poacea. It usually grows in tufts rather than solitary and reaches up to 120 cm tall with leaves mostly at the base. The leaf-sheaths of basal leaves are compressed, keeled, usually glabrous except at the junction with the blades. The upper sheaths are longer and rounded. Leaf-blades are linear measuring 5-30 x 0.3-0.8 cm; green or purplish in colour, flat or slightly folded in shape. The inflorescence of spatheate spike-like racemes arranged in flabelliform clusters from the ends or upper nodes. Each raceme subtended by a spatheate bract bears 1 sessile bisexual, each reduced to a single glume. Fertile spikelet with the upper lemma extended into a long twisted awn of 3.5-9 cm. The awn remains attached to the grain; it twists and untwists hygroscopically helping to bury the grain. [3]

Plant Part Used

Whole plant [1]

Chemical Constituents

No documentation

Traditional Used:

In Indonesia it is used in the treatment of lumbago and rheumatism. [1] In Malaysia the decoction of the roots is considered a tonic, blood cleanser and helps in revitalization of man’s virility. [5]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology

No documentation

Toxicities

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

References

  1. Timothy Johnson  CRC ethnobotany desk reference CRC Press LLC Boca Raton 1999 pg. 834
  2. Frederic Gomes Cassidy, Robert Brock Le Page Dictionary of Jamaican English University of West Indies Press Kingston 2002 pg. 347
  3. Hsuan Keng, See Chung Chin, Ro-Siu Ling Keng, H,T.W. Tan The Concise Flora of Singapore: Monocotyledons Singapore University Press Singapore 1998 pg. 185
  4. Plantamor situs dunia tumbuhan (http://www.plantamor.com/index.php?plant=1241) Accessed on 2nd November 2010
  5. Personal Communication with various bomoh of Langkawi.