Micropropagation Of Artemisia Annua L. and The Effects In Vitro Culture Conditions on The Morphology Of Leaf Trichomes

Author

Chan L.K., Nur Izzati A.H., Goh Y.Z. and Bhatt A.
School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang. Malaysia
Tel: 046533520 E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Language

English

Title

Micropropagation Of Artemisia Annua L. and The Effects In Vitro Culture Conditions on The Morphology Of Leaf Trichomes

Proceeding

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Seminar (MAPS 2010)

Date

3rd August - 4th August (2010)

Place Held

Replace

Abstract

Artemisia annua L. has traditionally been used in China as herbal medicine for the treatment of various ailments. Since the discovery of artemisinin from this plant as an anti-malarial agent, it has been cultivated in many countries in Europe, America, Africa as well as Asia. It grows very well mainly in high altitude regions or areas with a pronounced cool period. Due to the demand of artemisinin as an anti-malarial drug especially against drug resistant malaria, good elite clones were sought after to reduce the variation of field grown plants derived from seeds. A micropropagation protocol had been successfully established for the mass production of A. annua clones. However, the in vitro condition was found to affect the structures and distribution of the leaf trichomes, an important organ for the production of artemisinin. This study reports the mass production of A. annua plantlets using nodal segments as explants. The acclimatized plants placed in the green house with tropical type conditions was found to affect the artemisinin content which was lower than those planted in a controlled cool environment.

Keywords

Anti-malaria; artemisinin; micropropagation; trichomes

Session

Poster Abstracts: P03

Topic

Harnessing the Tropical heritage: Recent Advances in R&D and commercialization