Volatile Components from the Stem of Xylopia Magna Maingay Ex Hook.F. (Annonaceae)

Author

Norhayati M., Nor Azah M.A., Noramly M., Zuriati Z. and Laily B.D.
School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor
Medicinal Plants Division, Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), 52109 Kepong, Selangor
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Language

English

Title

Volatile Components from the Stem of Xylopia Magna Maingay Ex Hook.F. (Annonaceae)

Proceeding

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Seminar (MAPS 2010)

Date

3rd August - 4th August (2010)

Place Held

Forest Research Institute Malaysia(FRIM)

Abstract

This paper reports the results from the investigation on the chemical composition of essentia oil from fresh stem of Xylopia magna Maingay ex Hook.f. collected from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) Forest Reserve. The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation technique in a Clavenger-type apparatus while the chemical composition of the oil was determined b gas chromatography (GC), gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS and retention indices. Extraction of the stem yielded a yellow coloured essential oil (0.21 %). Seventeen compounds had been identified accounting to 96.2% of the total oil with sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (89.1%) as the major compound group. Three major compounds present in the oil were germacrene D (1) (34.4%). cyperene (14.0%) and a-copaene (8.4%).

Keywords

Xylopia magna; Annonaceae; stem; essential oil: germacrene D

Session

Poster Abstracts: P38

Topic

Harnessing the Tropical heritage: Recent Advances in R&D and commercialization