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Barringtonia macrocarpa Hassk.

Barringtonia macrocarpa Hassk.

Family

Lecythidaceae

Synonyms

B. insignis Miq., B. serrata Miq., B. comosa Gagnep.

Vernacular Names

Indonesia Songgom (Javanese, Sundanese), bulat, potet (Kalimantan).
Thailand Chik nom yan.
Vietnam l[ooj]c v[uwf]ng qu[ar] to.

Geographical Distributions

From Indo-China, southern Thailand, southern Burma (Myanmar) to Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java and Borneo.

Description

Barringtonia macrocarpa is a shrub or small tree where it can grow measuring up to 1.5-6(-13) m tall. The trunk is measures 5-16 cm in diametre while its twigs are measures (5-)7-15 mm in diametre.

The leaves are obovate-lance-shaped or linear-lance-shaped, with measuring 30-60(-70) cm x 6-18 cm, narrowly wedge-shaped base, cuspidate or obtuse apex, serrate-crenulate, hairless and with measures 0.5-1(-2) cm long petiole.

The raceme is terminal, pendulous, measuring (26-)40-75(-112) cm long and up to 135-flowered. The flowers are not scented, 0.5-1.5 cm long pedicel while the opening buds are measures about 0.5-0.7 cm long. The sepal tube is about 0.5-2 mm long and not accrescent. There are 3-4 free sepals, accrescent and purple or pink while the petals are 3-4, elliptical, convex, measuring 2-3 cm x 1-1.5 cm, white, or pale pink. The stamens are in 3-4 whorls, 3-4 cm long and pink. The ovary is 3-4-celled and with measures 3.5-4.2 cm long style.

The berry (immature) is obovate to oblong, with a size of measures 6.5 cm x 2.5 cm. It is 3-4-gonous to 3-4-winged. The pericarp is measures about 2.5 mm thick. The exocarp is thin while the mesocarp is about 1 mm thick and fibrous. The fibrous endocarp is about 1 mm thick.

The seed is ovoid, measuring 3.5 cm x 0.75 cm and fissured.

Ecology / Cultivation

B. macrocarpa occurs along rivers, in swampy forest and periodically inundated areas from sea-level up to 300 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

1b

References

    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants.

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